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ΠΡΟΣ ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΙΣ Α

ad Thessalonicenses I

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki Latin Translation‎ / Vulgata Clementina
1Περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
χρόνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ων
(mas) gen pl
times
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
καιρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ων
(mas) gen pl
periods of time
/season
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
χρείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χρεία, -ας, ἡ
χρει·αν
(fem) acc sg
need
ἔχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-HAVE-ing, be-you(pl)-HAVE-ing!
/hold.
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
γράφεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γραφ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-WRITE-ed
.
1Thes 5:1
De temporibus autem, et momentis, fratres, non indigetis ut scribamus vobis.
2Αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἀκριβῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀκριβῶς (Adv. of ἀκριβής)
ακριβως
indecl
exactly
- accurately (carefully)
οἴδατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ατε
perf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-have-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
◆ - } ἡμέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
day
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
κλέπτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

κλέπτης, -ου, ὁ
κλεπτ·ης
(mas) nom sg
thief
[see kleptomania]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
νυκτὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ι
(fem) dat sg
night
οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
·
———
RP: ἡ ◆ NA/UBS: —
1Thes 5:2
Ipsi enim diligenter scitis quia dies Domini, sicut fur in nocte, ita veniet :
3ὅταν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅταν (ὅτε ἄν)
οταν
indecl
whenever
{ γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
◆ - } λέγωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ωσι(ν)
pres act sub 3rd pl
they-should-be-SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
, Εἰρήνη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
peace
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀσφάλεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·σφάλεια, -ας, ἡ
ασφαλει·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
security
, τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
αἰφνίδιος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

αἰφνίδιος -ον
αιφνιδι·ος
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
sudden
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἐφίσταται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐφ·ίστημι (ath. εφ+ιστ(α)-/ath. εφ+ιστ(η)-, επι+στη·σ-, επι+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. επι+στ(η)-/ath. επι+στ(α)-, εφ+εστη·κ-/εφ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, εφ+εστα-, -)
εφ·ιστ(α)·ται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-STAND-ed
set or place upon or near; intransitive: come up to or arrive at (or stand against)
ὄλεθρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὄλεθρος, -ου, ὁ
ολεθρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
ruination
destruction, ruin, desolation, short of annihilation
, ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just-as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ὠδὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὠδίν, -ῖνος, ἡ
ωδιν
(fem) nom|voc sg
agony
/travail (as in child-birth or death
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
γαστρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

γαστήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
γαστ[ε]ρ·ι
(fem) dat sg
belly
ἐχούσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ουσ·ῃ
pres act ptcp fem dat sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐκφύγωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·φεύγω (εκ+φευγ-, εκ+φευξ-, 2nd εκ+φυγ-, εκ+πεφευγ·[κ]-, -, -)
εκ·φυγ·ωσι(ν)
2aor act sub 3rd pl
they-should-ESCAPE
.
———
RP: γὰρ ◆ NA/UBS: —
1Thes 5:3
cum enim dixerint : Pax et securitas : tunc repentinus eis superveniet interitus, sicut dolor in utero habenti, et non effugient.
4Ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐστὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
σκότει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἡμέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
day
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
κλέπτης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

κλέπτης, -ου, ὁ
κλεπτ·ης
(mas) nom sg
thief
[see kleptomania]
καταλάβῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λαμβάνω (κατα+λαμβαν-, κατα+λημψ-/κατα+ληψ-, 2nd κατα+λαβ-, κατ+ειληφ·[κ]-, κατ+ειληβ-, κατα+λημφ·θ-/κατα+ληφ·θ-)
κατα·λαβ·ῃ
2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
he/she/it-should-LAY-HOLD-OF, you(sg)-should-be-LAY-HOLD-OF-ed
Lit:"take-down", hence grasp/clench/snag/catch/overtake/take-hold-of/take/capture. Fig:realize/understand/comprehend/seize with the mind
·
1Thes 5:4
Vos autem, fratres, non estis in tenebris, ut vos dies illa tamquam fur comprehendat :
5πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
{ ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
} υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
φωτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φωτ·ος
(neu) gen sg
light
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
· οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐσμὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
νυκτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
σκότους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
·
———
RP: ὑμεῖς ◆ NA/UBS: γὰρ ὑμεῖς
1Thes 5:5
omnes enim vos filii lucis estis, et filii diei : non sumus noctis, neque tenebrarum.
6ἄρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄρα[2]
αρα
indecl
therefore-indeed
/hence/it-follows-that. An inferential conjunction implying under these circumstances, something either is/becomes (whatever follows). Similar to, but more disjunctive than "οὖν" (consequently/accordingly).
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
καθεύδωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθεύδω (καθευδ-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθευδ·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-SLEEP-ing
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
{ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
} λοιποί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

λοιπός -ή -όν
λοιπ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
remaining
well then, sο, now, the rest
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
γρηγορῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γρηγορέω (γρηγορ(ε)-, γρηγορη·σ-, γρηγορη·σ-, -, -, γρηγορη·θ-)
γρηγορ(ε)·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-BE-ing-VIGILANT
[to be fully awake]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
νήφωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νήφω (νηφ-, -, νηψ-, -, -, -)
νηφ·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-BE-ing-SOBER
[clearheaded, rational]
.
———
RP: καὶ οἱ ◆ NA/UBS: οἱ
1Thes 5:6
Igitur non dormiamus sicut et ceteri, sed vigilemus, et sobrii simus.
7Οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
καθεύδοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθεύδω (καθευδ-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθευδ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while SLEEP-ing
νυκτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
καθεύδουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθεύδω (καθευδ-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθευδ·ουσι(ν), καθευδ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-SLEEP-ing, while SLEEP-ing
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
μεθυσκόμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεθύσκω (μεθυσκ-, μεθυ·σ-, μεθυ·σ-, -, μεμεθυσ-, μεθυσ·θ-)
μεθυσκ·ομεν·οι
pres mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being-GET-ed-DRUNK
, νυκτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
μεθύουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεθύω (μεθυ-, -, -, -, -, -)
μεθυ·ουσι(ν), μεθυ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-BE-ing-DRUNK, while BE-ing-DRUNK
.
1Thes 5:7
Qui enim dormiunt, nocte dormiunt : et qui ebrii sunt, nocte ebrii sunt.
8Ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
, ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
ὄντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while being
, νήφωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νήφω (νηφ-, -, νηψ-, -, -, -)
νηφ·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-BE-ing-SOBER
[clearheaded, rational]
, ἐνδυσάμενοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·δύω (εν+δυ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δυ·σ-, εν+δεδυ·κ-, εν+δεδυ-, -)
εν·δυ·σαμεν·οι
1aor mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-CLOTHE-ed
θώρακα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

θώραξ, -ακος, ὁ
θωρακ·α
(mas) acc sg
breastplate
[see thorax]
πίστεως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πίστις, -εως, ἡ
πιστ(ι)·ος
(fem) gen sg
faith
πίστις can refer to faith/trust, to that which one believes or trusts (the content of one's faith), or to the personal trait of faithfulness/trustworthiness/integrity.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀγάπης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ
αγαπ·ης
(fem) gen sg
love
/Calvary-love (as distinguished from "φιλω" (friend-love, affection)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
περικεφαλαίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

περι·κεφαλαία, -ας, ἡ
περικεφαλαι·αν
(fem) acc sg
helmet
, ἐλπίδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἐλπί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
ελπιδ·α
(fem) acc sg
hope/expectation
[object of hope.. where you place your trust]
σωτηρίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σωτηρία, -ας, ἡ
σωτηρι·ας
(fem) gen sg
salvation/deliverance
.
1Thes 5:8
Nos autem, qui diei sumus, sobrii simus, induti loricam fidei et caritatis, et galeam spem salutis :
9Ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔθετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίθημι (ath. τιθ(ε)-, θη·σ-, θη·κ- or 2nd ath. θ(ε)-, τεθει·κ-, τεθει-, τε·θ-)
ε·θ(ε)·το
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PLACE-ed
/lay/put/set/situate/arrange/station
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ὀργήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ην
(fem) acc sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
} εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
περιποίησιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

περι·ποίησις, -εως, ἡ
περιποιησ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
all-around-remaking/doing
Lit:"make/do-all-around/about", hence all-around-remaking/doing. Often rendered gain/preservation/acquisition(process). Possibly keeping-safe, gaining-possession-of, ministration, court, kind, treatment.
σωτηρίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σωτηρία, -ας, ἡ
σωτηρι·ας
(fem) gen sg
salvation/deliverance
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
,
———
RP: ἀλλ’ ◆ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
1Thes 5:9
quoniam non posuit nos Deus in iram, sed in acquisitionem salutis per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum,
10τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀποθανόντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν·ο[υ]ντ·ος
2aor act ptcp mas gen sg or 2aor act ptcp neu gen sg
upon DIE-ing
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
, εἴτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἴ·τε
ειτε
indecl
whether
Lit:"if-also".
γρηγορῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γρηγορέω (γρηγορ(ε)-, γρηγορη·σ-, γρηγορη·σ-, -, -, γρηγορη·θ-)
γρηγορ(ε)·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-BE-ing-VIGILANT
[to be fully awake]
εἴτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἴ·τε
ειτε
indecl
whether
Lit:"if-also".
καθεύδωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθεύδω (καθευδ-, -, -, -, -, -)
καθευδ·ωμεν
pres act sub 1st pl
we-should-be-SLEEP-ing
, ἅμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἅμα
αμα
indecl
simultaneously
[in concert with, at the same time as]
σὺν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

σύν
συν
indecl
together with/including (+dat)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ζήσωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζη·σωμεν
1aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-LIVE
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
.
1Thes 5:10
qui mortuus est pro nobis : ut sive vigilemus, sive dormiamus, simul cum illo vivamus.
11Διὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

διό (δι’ ὅ)
διο
indecl
because of which
παρακαλεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing, be-you(pl)-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing!
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἰκοδομεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἰκο·δομέω (οικοδομ(ε)-, οικοδομη·σ-, οικοδομη·σ-, ῳκοδομη·κ-, ῳκοδομη-, οικοδομη·θ-)
οικοδομ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-BUILD-UP-ing, be-you(pl)-BUILD-UP-ing!
Lit:"dwelling-building", hence building-refuge, build-up,edify
εἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
one
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
, καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ποιεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-DO/MAKE-ing, be-you(pl)-DO/MAKE-ing!
.
1Thes 5:11
Propter quod consolamini invicem, et ædificate alterutrum, sicut et facitis.
12Ἐρωτῶμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐρωτάω (ερωτ(α)-, ερωτη·σ-, ερωτη·σ-, -, ηρωτη-, ερωτη·θ-)
ερωτ(α)·ομεν, ερωτ(α)·ωμεν
pres act ind 1st pl, pres act sub 1st pl
we-are-ASK-ing, we-should-be-ASK-ing
interrogate, question inquire,query, quest
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
, εἰδέναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ(ε)·ναι, ειδ·[κ]εναι
pres act inf, perf act inf
to-be-KNOWING-ing, to-have-KNOWING-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
κοπιῶντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοπιάω (κοπι(α)-, κοπια·σ-, κοπια·σ-, κεκοπια·κ-, -, -)
κοπι(α)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while TOIL-ing
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
προϊσταμένους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προ·ΐστημι (ath. προ+ιστ(α)-/ath. προ+ιστ(η)-, -, 2nd ath. προ+στ(η)-/ath. προ+στ(α)-, προ+εστη·κ-/προ+εστ(α)·[κ]-, -, -)
προ·ιστ(α)·μεν·ους
pres mp ptcp mas acc pl
while being-PRESIDE/GOVERN-ed
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
κυρίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ῳ; κυρι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg; neu dat sg or mas dat sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
νουθετοῦντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νου·θετέω (νουθετ(ε)-, νουθετη·σ-, νουθετη·σ-, -, νενουθετη-, νουθετη·θ-)
νουθετ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ας
pres act ptcp mas acc pl
while ADMONISH-ing
rebuke
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
,
1Thes 5:12
¶Rogamus autem vos, fratres, ut noveritis eos qui laborant inter vos, et præsunt vobis in Domino, et monent vos,
13καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡγεῖσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἡγέομαι (ηγ(ε)-, -, ηγη·σ-, -, ηγη-, -)
ηγ(ε)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-REGARD/DEEM/GUIDE-ed
/consider/count/account, from "ἄγω" (lead/bring/bear) and cognate of "ἡγεμών" (governor/commander/hegemon)
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
{ ὑπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἐκπερισσοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐκ·περισσός -ή -όν
εκπερισσ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
abundantly
ὑπερεκπερισσοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὑπερ·εκ·περισσοῦ
υπερεκπερισσου
indecl
exceedingly
Lit:"over/above-from-out-of-abundance", hence above-abundantly, exceedingly-abundantly.
} ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀγάπῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ
αγαπ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
love
/Calvary-love (as distinguished from "φιλω" (friend-love, affection)
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἔργον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
work
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
. Εἰρηνεύετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰρηνεύω (ειρηνευ-, ειρηνευ·σ-, ειρηνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
ειρηνευ·ετε, ε·ειρηνευ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl, impf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-MAKE-ing-PEACE, be-you(pl)-MAKE-ing-PEACE!, you(pl)-were-MAKE-ing-PEACE
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἑαυτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
.
———
RP: ὑπερ ὑπὲρ ἐκπερισσοῦ ◆ NA/UBS: ὑπερεκπερισσοῦ
1Thes 5:13
ut habeatis illos abundantius in caritate propter opus illorum : pacem habete cum eis.
14Παρακαλοῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·καλέω (παρα+καλ(ε)-, παρα+καλε·σ-, παρα+καλε·σ-, -, παρα+κεκλη-, παρα+κλη·θ-)
παρα·καλ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-ENTREAT/COMFORT-ing
[Lit: "call-close-beside", hence: entreat/implore, or encourage/comfort (in affliction)]
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
, νουθετεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

νου·θετέω (νουθετ(ε)-, νουθετη·σ-, νουθετη·σ-, -, νενουθετη-, νουθετη·θ-)
νουθετ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-ADMONISH-ing, be-you(pl)-ADMONISH-ing!
rebuke
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀτάκτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἄ·τακτος -ον
ατακτ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
out of order
, παραμυθεῖσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·μυθέομαι (παρα+μυθ(ε)-, -, παρα+μυθη·σ-, -, -, -)
παρα·μυθ(ε)·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-COMFORT-ed, be-you(pl)-being-COMFORT-ed!
encourage, console, speak to, address
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ὀλιγοψύχους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ὀλιγό·ψυχος -ον
ολιγοψυχ·ους
mas acc pl or fem acc pl
faint-hearted
[be discouraged]
, ἀντέχεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀντ·έχω (αντ+εχ-, ανθ+εξ-, 2nd αντι+σχ-, -, -, -)
αντ·εχ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-CLING TO BY/ENDURE-ed, be-you(pl)-being-CLING TO BY/ENDURE-ed!
[abide, hold out, bear, endure, withstand, stand, stay]
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἀσθενῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

ἀ·σθενής -ές; ἀ·σθενέω (ασθεν(ε)-, ασθενη·σ-, ασθενη·σ-, ησθενη·κ-, -, -)
ασθεν(ε)·ων; ασθεν(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
weak; while BE-WEAK-ing
; Lit:"be-without-strength/vigor", hence, be-weak/sick/helpless, ail. waver/stumble.
, μακροθυμεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μακρο·θυμέω (μακροθυμ(ε)-, μακροθυμη·σ-, μακροθυμη·σ-, -, -, -)
μακροθυμ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-IS-PATIENT-ing, be-you(pl)-IS-PATIENT-ing!
Lit:is-long-tempered, hence persevere, be-long-suffering/patient/slow-to-anger
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
.
1Thes 5:14
Rogamus autem vos, fratres, corripite inquietos, consolamini pusillanimes, suscipite infirmos, patientes estote ad omnes.
15Ὁρᾶτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

ὁρατός -ή -όν; ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ορατ·ε; ορ(α)·ετε, ορ(α)·ητε
mas voc sg; pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl, pres act sub 2nd pl
visible; you(pl)-are-SEE/BEHOLD-ing, be-you(pl)-SEE/BEHOLD-ing!, you(pl)-should-be-SEE/BEHOLD-ing
; Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
κακὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος)
κακ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
wicked
/evil
ἀντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀντί
αντι
indecl
against/instead (+gen)
as much as, in return for, in exchange ofmma]nti< is the preposition first of equivalence (Homer, Il . ix. 116, 117) and then of ex- change (1 Cor. xi. 15; Heb. xii. 2, 16; Matt. v. 38),
κακοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

κακός -ή -όν (cf. φαῦλος); κακόω (κακ(ο)-, κακω·σ-, κακω·σ-, κεκακω·κ-, κεκακω-, κακω·θ-)
κακ·ου; κακ(ο)·ε, κακ(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
wicked; be-you(sg)-BADLY-AFFECT-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-BADLY-AFFECT-ed!
/evil; Lit:"badly-affect", hence mistreat/oppress/harm/afflict/trouble/hurt
τινι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τιν·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
ἀποδῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·δίδωμι (ath. απο+διδ(ο)-/ath. απο+διδ(ω)-, απο+δω·σ-, απο+δω·κ- or 2nd ath. απο+δ(ο)-/ath. απο+δ(ω)-, -, απο+δεδο-, απο+δο·θ-)
απο·δ(ω)·ῃ
2aor act sub 3rd sg or 2aor mp sub 2nd sg
he/she/it-should-GIVE-BACK, you(sg)-should-be-GIVE-BACK-ed
Lit:"give-from", hence, give/pay-back/repay/restore, assign, impute, convey, refer, sell
· ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀγαθὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good
/inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
{ διώκετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
διωκ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing, be-you(pl)-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing!
prosecute: put on trial
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
διώκετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
διωκ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing, be-you(pl)-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing!
prosecute: put on trial
[ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
] } εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀλλήλους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reciprocal)

ἀλλήλων (gen. pl.)
αλληλ·ους
mas acc pl
one another
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
.
———
RP: διώκετε καὶ ◆ NA/UBS: διώκετε [καὶ]
1Thes 5:15
Videte ne quis malum pro malo alicui reddat : sed semper quod bonum est sectamini in invicem, et in omnes.
16Πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
χαίρετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-REJOICE-ing, be-you(pl)-REJOICE-ing!
salute, salutation
·
1Thes 5:16
Semper gaudete.
17ἀδιαλείπτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀ·δια·λείπτως
αδιαλειπτως
indecl
Non-Ceasing
(without ceasing, unceasingly)
προσεύχεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·εύχομαι (προσ+ευχ-, προσ+ευξ-, προσ+ευξ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ευχ·εσθε, προσ·ε·ευχ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl, impf mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-PRAY-ed, be-you(pl)-being-PRAY-ed!, you(pl)-were-being-PRAY-ed
·
1Thes 5:17
Sine intermissione orate.
18ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
παντὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ι
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
εὐχαριστεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·χαριστέω (ευχαριστ(ε)-, -, ευχαριστη·σ-, -, -, ευχαριστη·θ-)
ευχαριστ(ε)·ετε, ε·ευχαριστ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl, impf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-GIVE-THANKS-ing, be-you(pl)-GIVE-THANKS-ing!, you(pl)-were-GIVE-THANKS-ing
Lit:"good-grace", hence give-thanks-for-grace.
· τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
θέλημα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

θέλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
θελημα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
desire
/want/wish. Often rendered "will", but inconsistent with cognate "θέλω" (wish/desire), and distinct from "βουλή" (will/counsel/intent). Sometimes softened to "preferred-will" (so as not to impugn God's sovereignty).
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χριστῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
.
1Thes 5:18
In omnibus gratias agite : hæc est enim voluntas Dei in Christo Jesu in omnibus vobis.
19Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
σβέννυτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σβέννυμι (ath. σβεννυ-, σβε·σ-, σβε·σ-, -, εσβεσ-, σβεσ·θ-)
σβεννυ·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-EXTINGUISH-ing, be-you(pl)-EXTINGUISH-ing!
·
1Thes 5:19
Spiritum nolite extinguere.
20προφητείας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

προφητεία, -ας, ἡ
προφητει·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
prophesy, prophesies
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐξουθενεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ουθενέω/-νόω (εξ+ουθεν(ε)-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·κ-, εξ+ουθενη-, εξ+ουθενη·θ-/εξ+ουθενω·θ-)
εξ·ουθεν(ε)·ετε, εξ·ε·ουθεν(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl, impf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing, be-you(pl)-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing!, you(pl)-were-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ing
Lit:"treat-as-worthless", hence, despise, scorn, invalidate, reject (active self-willed refusal to accept)
·
1Thes 5:20
Prophetias nolite spernere.
21πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
δοκιμάζετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δοκιμάζω (δοκιμαζ-, δοκιμ(α)·[σ]-/δοκιμα·σ-, δοκιμα·σ-, δεδοκιμα·κ-, δεδοκιμασ-, δοκιμασ·θ-)
δοκιμαζ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-VET/SCRUTINIZE-ing, be-you(pl)-VET/SCRUTINIZE-ing!
[test by trial/close examination to see if acceptable]
· τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
καλὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good/right/fitting
beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).
κατέχετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·έχω (κατ+εχ-, καθ+εξ-, 2nd κατα+σχ-, -, -, κατα+σχε·θ-)
κατ·εχ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-HOLD FAST-ing, be-you(pl)-HOLD FAST-ing!
seize, hold fast, hold back, restrain, bridle, possess, occupy, gain possession of, be master of Lit: hold-down
·
1Thes 5:21
Omnia autem probate : quod bonum est tenete.
22ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
παντὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
εἴδους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

εἶδο·ς, -ους, τό
ειδ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
appearance
πονηροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
evil, wicked
Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
ἀπέχεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·έχω (απ+εχ-, αφ+εξ-, 2nd απο+σχ-, απ+εσχη·κ-, απ+εσχη-, -)
απ·εχ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-HOLD-ed-BACK, be-you(pl)-being-HOLD-ed-BACK!
[Lit:"from-have/from-hold"; c. acc., receive something from someone; c. gen. or c. ἀπό, hold a distance away, or abstain from]
.
1Thes 5:22
Ab omni specie mala abstinete vos.
23Αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
εἰρήνης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ
ειρην·ης
(fem) gen sg
peace
ἁγιάσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἁγιάζω (αγιαζ-, αγια·σ-, αγια·σ-, ηγια·κ-, ηγιασ-, αγιασ·θ-)
αγια·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-CONSECRATE, be-you(sg)-CONSECRATE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CONSECRATE
sanctify, hallow, become holy
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
ὁλοτελεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ὁλο·τελής -ές
ολοτελ(ε)·ες, ολοτελ(ε)·ας
mas nom|voc pl or fem nom|voc pl, mas acc pl or fem acc pl
complete
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὁλόκληρον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ὁλό·κληρος -ον
ολοκληρ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
whole-lotted
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ψυχὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ψῦχο·ς, -ους, τό; ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. ψυχή
ψυχ(ε)·α; ψυχ·η
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
cold weathers; soul-life
; self A. life, “λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε” Il.5.296, etc.; psyche/mind
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σῶμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σῶμα[τ], -ατος, τό
σωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
body
ἀμέμπτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἀ·μέμπτως
αμεμπτως
indecl
blamelessly
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
παρουσίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παρ·ουσία, -ας, ἡ
παρουσι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
arrival
from pres-part. of "pareimi", Lit:"being/existing-close-beside", thus "arrival/presence". Usually rendered "coming", but more about presence, than process "erchomai".
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
τηρηθείη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τηρέω (τηρ(ε)-, τηρη·σ-, τηρη·σ-, τετηρη·κ-, τετηρη-, τηρη·θ-)
τηρη·θειη
aor θη opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-be-GUARD/WATCH-OVER-ed
From "τηρος" (guard/watchman), hence guard/watch-over(something valuable)". Usually rendered "keep", as in maintain/retain/keep-in-tact/preserve/reserve/heed/observe/abide-by/take-care-for/attend-carefully (not as in hold/possess/
.
1Thes 5:23
Ipse autem Deus pacis sanctificet vos per omnia : ut integer spiritus vester, et anima, et corpus sine querela in adventu Domini nostri Jesu Christi servetur.
24Πιστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πιστός -ή -όν
πιστ·ος
mas nom sg
faithful
trusthworthy
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
καλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός); καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ·ων; καλ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
good/right/fitting; while CALL-ing
beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).; summon/invite
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ποιήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Verb

ποίησις, -εως, ἡ; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιησ(ι)·ι; ποιη·σει
(fem) dat sg; fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
doing/making; he/she/it-will-DO/MAKE, you(sg)-will-be-DO/MAKE-ed
;
.
1Thes 5:24
Fidelis est, qui vocavit vos : qui etiam faciet.
25Ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
, προσεύχεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·εύχομαι (προσ+ευχ-, προσ+ευξ-, προσ+ευξ-, -, -, -)
προσ·ευχ·εσθε, προσ·ε·ευχ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl, impf mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-PRAY-ed, be-you(pl)-being-PRAY-ed!, you(pl)-were-being-PRAY-ed
{ περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
◆ [ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
] περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
} ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
.
———
RP: περὶ ◆ NA/UBS: [καὶ] περὶ
1Thes 5:25
¶Fratres, orate pro nobis.
26Ἀσπάσασθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀσπάζομαι (ασπαζ-, ασπα·σ-, ασπα·σ-, -, -, -)
ασπα·σασθε
1aor mp imp 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-GREET-ed!
(welcome, salute)
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ἀδελφοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·ους
(mas) acc pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
πάντας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ας
mas acc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
φιλήματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φίλημα[τ], -ατος, τό
φιληματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
kiss
ἁγίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
holy
[dedicated, divine, pure]
.
1Thes 5:26
Salutate fratres omnes in osculo sancto.
27{ Ὁρκίζω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁρκίζω (ορκιζ-, ορκι(ε)·[σ]-, ορκι·σ-, -, -, ορκισ·θ-)
ορκιζ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-OATH-IZE-ing, I-should-be-OATH-IZE-ing
Ἐνορκίζω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·ορκίζω (εν+ορκιζ-, -, -, -, -, -)
εν·ορκιζ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-???-ing, I-should-be-???-ing
} ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ον; κυρι·ον
(mas) acc sg; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
, ἀναγνωσθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·γινώσκω/-γιγν- (ανα+γινωσκ-/ανα+γιγνωσκ-, ανα+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. ανα+γν(ω)-/ath. ανα+γν(ο)-, -, ανα+εγνωσ-, ανα+γνωσ·θ-)
ανα·γνωσ·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-RE-READ-ed
Lit:"know-again", hence acquaint/perceive/recognize-again
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἐπιστολὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπι·στολή, -ῆς, ἡ
επιστολ·ην
(fem) acc sg
letter
[epistle]
πᾶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·σι(ν)
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
{ ἁγίοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
holy
[dedicated, divine, pure]
◆ - } ἀδελφοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οις
(mas) dat pl
brothers
How do we know these are accurate if anyone can edit them?
.
———
RP: Ὁρκίζω ◆ NA/UBS: Ἐνορκίζω
RP: ἁγίοις ◆ NA/UBS: —
1Thes 5:27
Adjuro vos per Dominum ut legatur epistola hæc omnibus sanctis fratribus.
28 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
χάρις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χάρι[τ]ς, -ιτος, ἡ, acc. χάρι[τ]ν and χάριτα
χαρι[τ]·ς
(fem) nom sg
favor/grace
[see charity]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
Ἰησοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
irreg. ιησου (instead of ιησ(ο)·ῳ > ιησῳ), ιησ(ο)·ε, ιησ(ο)·ου, ιησου
(mas) dat sg, (mas) voc sg, (mas) gen sg, (mas) indecl
Jesus, Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
μεθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μεθ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
. { Ἀμήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
. ◆ - }
———
RP: Ἀμήν. ◆ NA/UBS: —
1Thes 5:28
Gratia Domini nostri Jesu Christi vobiscum. Amen.
« Ch 4

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