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ΠΡΟΣ ΓΑΛΑΤΑΣ

ad Galatas

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki Latin Translation‎ / Vulgata Clementina
1Λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-SAY-ing, I-should-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
, ἐφ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
εφ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ὅσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσος -η -ον
οσ·ον
neu nom|acc sg or mas acc sg
as much/many as
χρόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ον
(mas) acc sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κληρονόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κληρο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ
κληρονομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
heir
(rightful heir)
νήπιός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νήπιος -ία -ον
νηπι·ος
mas nom sg
infant
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
, οὐδὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
διαφέρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·φέρω (δια+φερ-, δι+οι·σ-, δι+ενεγκ·[σ]-, -, δια+ενηνεγκ-, δια+ενεχ·θ-)
δια·φερ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SURPASS/CARRY-ing-THROUGH, you(sg)-are-being-SURPASS/CARRY-ed-THROUGH
(exceeding, different, valuable (excess, surpass, excel))
δούλου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον; δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δουλ·ου; δουλ·ου; δουλ(ο)·ε, δουλ(ο)·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
slave; servile; be-you(sg)-ENSLAVE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-ENSLAVE-ed!
; ;
, κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
(of a relevant set).
ὤν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
·
Gal 4:1
Dico autem : quanto tempore hæres parvulus est, nihil differt a servo, cum sit dominus omnium :
2ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
ἐπιτρόπους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἐπί·τροπος, -ου, ὁ
επιτροπ·ους
(mas) acc pl
managers
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἰκονόμους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἰκο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ
οικονομ·ους
(mas) acc pl
stewards
[manager of household, administrator]
, ἄχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἄχρι/ἄχρις
αχρι
indecl
until (+gen)
up to; even to, as far as, to the uttermost, utterly [ἄχρι before vowels and consonants; ἄχρις before vowels only]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
προθεσμίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

προ·θεσμία, -ας, ἡ
προθεσμι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
preappointed, preappointeds
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πατρός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατ[ε]ρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
father
.
Gal 4:2
sed sub tutoribus et actoribus est usque ad præfinitum tempus a patre :
3Οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
, ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
ἦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·μεν
impf act ind 1st pl
we-were
νήπιοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νήπιος -ία -ον
νηπι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
infant
, ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
στοιχεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

στοιχεῖον, -ου, τό
στοιχει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
principles
principles, rudiments, elements
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
κόσμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Verb

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ; κοσμέω (κοσμ(ε)-, κοσμη·σ-, κοσμη·σ-, -, κεκοσμη-, κοσμη·θ-)
κοσμ·ου; κοσμ(ε)·ου
(mas) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
world; be-you(sg)-being-SET-IN-ORDER-ed!
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]; to put in proper order, adorn/beautify, grace (ornaments)
{ ἦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·μεν
impf act ind 1st pl
we-were
δεδουλωμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δεδουλω·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having-been-ENSLAVE-ed
ἤμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·μεθα
impf mp ind 1st pl
we-were-being
δεδουλωμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλόω (δουλ(ο)-, δουλω·σ-, δουλω·σ-, -, δεδουλω-, δουλω·θ-)
δεδουλω·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having-been-ENSLAVE-ed
} ·
———
RP: ἦμεν δεδουλωμένοι ♦ NA/UBS: ἤμεθα δεδουλωμένοι
Gal 4:3
ita et nos cum essemus parvuli, sub elementis mundi eramus servientes.
4ὅτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅτε
οτε
indecl
when
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πλήρωμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πλήρωμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πληρωμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
fullness
[satiety, fulfillment]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
χρόνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

χρόνος, -ου, ὁ (cf. καιρός)
χρον·ου
(mas) gen sg
time
, a specific (clock) time, period-of-time (a while). Distinct from kairos (season)
, ἐξαπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
, γενόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ον
2aor mp ptcp mas acc sg or 2aor mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
γυναικός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ος
(fem) gen sg
woman/wife
, γενόμενον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·ομεν·ον
2aor mp ptcp mas acc sg or 2aor mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
upon being-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
,
Gal 4:4
At ubi venit plenitudo temporis, misit Deus Filium suum factum ex muliere, factum sub lege,
5ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
ἐξαγοράσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·αγοράζω (εξ+αγοραζ-, -, εξ+αγορα·σ-, -, -, -)
εξ·αγορα·σῃ
1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
he/she/it-should-RANSOM, you(sg)-should-be-RANSOM-ed
buy off, redeem
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
υἱοθεσίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

υἱο·θεσία, -ας, ἡ
υιοθεσι·αν
(fem) acc sg
adoption
[Lit: adoption as son]
ἀπολάβωμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·λαμβάνω (απο+λαμβαν-, απο+λημψ-/απο+ληψ-, 2nd απο+λαβ-, απο+ειληφ·[κ]-, απο+ειληβ-, -)
απο·λαβ·ωμεν
2aor act sub 1st pl
we-should-RECEIVE/TAKE
to acquire accordingly
.
Gal 4:5
ut eos, qui sub lege erant, redimeret, ut adoptionem filiorum reciperemus.
6Ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
υἱοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
, ἐξαπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·απο·στέλλω (εξαπο+στελλ-, εξαπο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, εξαπο+στειλ·[σ]-, εξαπ+εσταλ·κ-, εξαπ+εσταλ-, εξαπο+σταλ·[θ]-)
εξαπο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send-from-out-of", hence send-forth.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
υἱοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ου
(mas) gen sg
son
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
καρδίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

καρδία, -ας, ἡ
καρδι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
heart, hearts
καρδιας With the eyes of the heart enlightened (Eph_1:18)
{ ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
} , κρᾶζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κράζω (κραζ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ-, κραξ-/κεκραξ- or 2nd κεκραγ-, κεκραγ·[κ]-, -, -)
κραζ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while CALL/CRY-ing-OUT
, { Ἀββᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀββα
αββα
indecl
father
, ♦ αββα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀββα
αββα
indecl
father
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πατήρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
.
———
RP: ὑμῶν ♦ NA/UBS: ἡμῶν
RP: Ἀββᾶ, ♦ NA/UBS: αββα
Gal 4:6
Quoniam autem estis filii, misit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda vestra, clamantem : Abba, Pater.
7Ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
οὐκέτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὐκέτι (οὐκ ἔτι)
ουκετι
indecl
no longer
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-GO-ing; you(sg)-are
;
δοῦλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

δοῦλος[2], -ου, ὁ; δοῦλος[1] -η -ον
δουλ·ος; δουλ·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
slave; servile
;
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
} υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
· εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
υἱός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κληρονόμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κληρο·νόμος, -ου, ὁ
κληρονομ·ος
(mas) nom sg
heir
(rightful heir)
{ θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
χριστοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ου
(mas) gen sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
} .
———
RP: ἀλλ’ ♦ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
RP: θεοῦ διὰ χριστοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: διὰ θεοῦ
Gal 4:7
Itaque jam non est servus, sed filius : quod si filius, et hæres per Deum.
8Ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
μέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
εἰδότες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ·[κ]οτ·ες
perf act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having KNOW-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
, ἐδουλεύσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλεύω (δουλευ-, δουλευ·σ-, δουλευ·σ-, δεδουλευ·κ-, -, -)
ε·δουλευ·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-SERVE(AS SLAVE)-ed
/be-bond-slaved, hence serve/do-service, be-enslaved(+Dat). be-in-bondage-to (give over the prerogative of self-governance).
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
{ μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
φύσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

φύσις, -εως, ἡ
φυσ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
nature
φύσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

φύσις, -εως, ἡ
φυσ(ι)·ι
(fem) dat sg
nature
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
} οὖσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
while being
θεοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·οις
(mas) dat pl
gods
[see theology]
·
———
RP: μὴ φύσει ♦ NA/UBS: φύσει μὴ
Gal 4:8
¶Sed tunc quidem ignorantes Deum, iis, qui natura non sunt dii, serviebatis.
9νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
, γνόντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γν(ο)·ντ·ες
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon KNOW-ing
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
θεόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ον
(mas) acc sg
god
[see theology]
, μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather
(instead)
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
γνωσθέντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γνωσ·θε[ι]ντ·ες
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon being-KNOW-ed
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
, πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
ἐπιστρέφετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-TURN-AROUND-ing, be-you(pl)-TURN-AROUND-ing!
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἀσθενῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·σθενής -ές
ασθεν(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
weak
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πτωχὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πτωχός -ή -όν
πτωχ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
beggarly-poor
/cowering/destitute-poor. Distinct from "πενιχρός" (needy-poor)
στοιχεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

στοιχεῖον, -ου, τό
στοιχει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
principles
principles, rudiments, elements
, οἷς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
who/whom/which
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
δουλεύειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλεύω (δουλευ-, δουλευ·σ-, δουλευ·σ-, δεδουλευ·κ-, -, -)
δουλευ·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-SERVE(AS SLAVE)-ing
/be-bond-slaved, hence serve/do-service, be-enslaved(+Dat). be-in-bondage-to (give over the prerogative of self-governance).
θέλετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-WANT-ing, be-you(pl)-WANT-ing!
/wish/desire
;
Gal 4:9
Nunc autem cum cognoveritis Deum, immo cogniti sitis a Deo : quomodo convertimini iterum ad infirma et egena elementa, quibus denuo servire vultis ?
10Ἡμέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
day, days
παρατηρεῖσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·τηρέω (παρα+τηρ(ε)-, παρα+τηρη·σ-, παρα+τηρη·σ-, -, -, -)
παρα·τηρ(ε)·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-WATCH-ed-CLOSELY, be-you(pl)-being-WATCH-ed-CLOSELY!
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μῆνας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

μήν[2], μηνός, ὁ
μην·ας
(mas) acc pl
months
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καιρούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ους
(mas) acc pl
periods of time
/season
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐνιαυτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἐνιαυτός, -οῦ, ὁ
ενιαυτ·ους
(mas) acc pl
years
.
Gal 4:10
Dies observatis, et menses, et tempora, et annos.
11Φοβοῦμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φοβέω (φοβ(ε)-, -, φοβη·σ-, -, πεφοβη-, φοβη·θ-)
φοβ(ε)·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
I-am-being-FEAR-ed
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
, { μήπως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μήπως (μή πως)
μηπως
indecl
no-how
Lit:"no-how", hence not-by-any-means, no-way, not-ever
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πώς[2]
πως
indecl
somehow
} εἰκῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

εἰκῇ
εικῃ
indecl
in vain
κεκοπίακα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοπιάω (κοπι(α)-, κοπια·σ-, κοπια·σ-, κεκοπια·κ-, -, -)
κεκοπια·κα
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-TOIL-ed
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
.
———
RP: μήπως ♦ NA/UBS: μή πως
Gal 4:11
Timeo vos, ne forte sine causa laboraverim in vobis.
12Γίνεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γιν·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-BECOME-ed, be-you(pl)-being-BECOME-ed!
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἐγώ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
κἀγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Pronoun [1st Person])

κἀγώ (καὶ ἐγώ)
και εγω
nom sg
and/also I
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
, δέομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δε·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
I-am-being-NEED-ed--REQUIRE
have to, must, need to, require
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
. Οὐδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
ἠδικήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·δικέω (αδικ(ε)-, αδικη·σ-, αδικη·σ-, ηδικη·κ-, ηδικη-, αδικη·θ-)
ε·αδικη·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-DO-HARM/WRONG-ed
Lit:"do-unright".
·
Gal 4:12
¶Estote sicut ego, quia et ego sicut vos : fratres, obsecro vos. Nihil me læsistis.
13οἴδατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ατε
perf act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-have-KNOW-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
ἀσθένειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·σθένεια, -ας, ἡ
ασθενει·αν
(fem) acc sg
weakness/infirmity
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
σαρκὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ος
(fem) gen sg
flesh
εὐηγγελισάμην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·αγγελίζω (ευ+αγγελιζ-/ευαγγελιζ-, ευ+αγγελι(ε)·[σ]-, ευ+αγγελι·σ-/ευαγγελι·σ-, -, ευ+ηγγελισ-/ευαγγελισ-, ευ+αγγελισ·θ-/ευαγγελισ·θ-)
ευ·ε·αγγελι·σαμην
1aor mp ind 1st sg
I-was-ANNOUNCE-ed
bring good news
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πρότερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πρό·τερος -α -ον (Comp. of πρῶτος)
προτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
earlier
.
Gal 4:13
Scitis autem quia per infirmitatem carnis evangelizavi vobis jampridem : et tentationem vestram in carne mea
14Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
πειρασμόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

πειρασμός, -οῦ, ὁ
πειρασμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
temptation/test/trial
, from "πειράζω"(tempt/test/try) and "πεῖρα"(trial/experiment), from OFr. tempter 'to test' (Latin: "temptare"(handle/test/try). © Oxford University Press, 2004
{ μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
} σαρκί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ι
(fem) dat sg
flesh
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐξουθενήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ουθενέω/-νόω (εξ+ουθεν(ε)-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·σ-/εξ+ουθενω·σ-, εξ+ουθενη·κ-, εξ+ουθενη-, εξ+ουθενη·θ-/εξ+ουθενω·θ-)
εξ·ε·ουθενη·σατε, εξ·ουθενη·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl, 1aor act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-ed, do-DESPISE/SET-AT-NAUGHT-you(pl)!
Lit:"treat-as-worthless", hence, despise, scorn, invalidate, reject (active self-willed refusal to accept)
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
ἐξεπτύσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·πτύω (-, -, εκ+πτυ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·πτυ·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-SPIT-ed-OUT
, { ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
} ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
ἄγγελον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄγγελος, -ου, ὁ
αγγελ·ον
(mas) acc sg
agent/angel
- a representing worker ([angelic] agent, ambasador, leader)
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
ἐδέξασθέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δέχομαι (δεχ-, δεξ-, δεξ-, -, δεδεχ-, δεχ·θ-)
ε·δεχ·σασθε
1aor mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-were-RECEIVE-ed
/take/accept. Less frequent and distinct from "λαμβάνω" (take/receive), in which more aggressive activity is implied.
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
, ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
χριστὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ον
(mas) acc sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
Ἰησοῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ον
(mas) acc sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
.
———
RP: μου τὸν ἐν τῇ ♦ NA/UBS: ὑμῶν ἐν τῇ
RP: ἀλλ’ ♦ NA/UBS: ἀλλὰ
Gal 4:14
non sprevistis, neque respuistis : sed sicut angelum Dei excepistis me, sicut Christum Jesum.
15{ Τίς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
Ποῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ποῦ[1]
που
indecl
where
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
μακαρισμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μακαρισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
μακαρισμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
blessing
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
; Μαρτυρῶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ(ε)·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-BEAR-ing-WITNESS, I-should-be-BEAR-ing-WITNESS
[testify, report, attest]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
, εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
δυνατόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δυνατός -ή -όν
δυνατ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
capable
/powerful/able/
, τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
ὀφθαλμοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὀφθαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ
οφθαλμ·ους
(mas) acc pl
eyes
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ἐξορύξαντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·ορύσσω (-, -, εξ+ορυξ-, -, -, -)
εξ·ορυσσ·σαντ·ες
1aor act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
upon EXCAVATE/DIG-ing-OUT
{ ἂν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄν
αν
indecl
ever
(calls attention to optional actions) Precedes aorist and present-subjunctives; Follows future-indicatives.
♦ - } ἐδώκατέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
.
———
RP: Τίς οὖν ἦν ♦ NA/UBS: Ποῦ οὖν
RP: ἂν ♦ NA/UBS: —
Gal 4:15
Ubi est ergo beatitudo vestra ? testimonium enim perhibeo vobis, quia, si fieri posset, oculos vestros eruissetis, et dedissetis mihi.
16Ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
so that
ἐχθρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·ος
mas nom sg
hostile
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
γέγονα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεγον·[κ]α
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ἀληθεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·ληθεύω (αληθευ-, αληθευ·σ-, αληθευ·σ-, -, -, -)
αληθευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while TELL-ing-THE-TRUTH
1. to speak the truth (Gal 4:16); 2. to live, practice or follow the truth - not just speak it, hence to be ethical or just (see Eph 4:15 where it is used in contrast to living under the influence of falsehood like children [v14]; see also LXX Prv 21:3)
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
;
Gal 4:16
Ergo inimicus vobis factus sum, verum dicens vobis ?
17Ζηλοῦσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζηλόω (ζηλ(ο)-, ζηλω·σ-, ζηλω·σ-, εζηλω·κ-, -, -)
ζηλ(ο)·ουσι(ν), ζηλ(ο)·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing, while ZEAL/EMULATE-ing
[in good sense: eager rivalry, emulation, ambition. in bad sense: antagonism, jealousy, envy. compare φθόνος]
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
καλῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καλῶς
καλως
indecl
ideally
well, rightly
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
ἐκκλεῖσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·κλείω (-, -, εκ+κλει·σ-, -, -, εκ+κλεισ·θ-)
εκ·κλει·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-EXCLUDE/SHUT-OUT, be-you(sg)-EXCLUDE/SHUT-ed-OUT!, he/she/it-happens-to-EXCLUDE/SHUT-OUT
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
θέλουσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ουσι(ν), θελ·ου[ντ]·σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd pl, pres act ptcp mas dat pl or pres act ptcp neu dat pl
they-are-WANT-ing, while WANT-ing
/wish/desire
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
ζηλοῦτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζηλόω (ζηλ(ο)-, ζηλω·σ-, ζηλω·σ-, εζηλω·κ-, -, -)
ζηλ(ο)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing, be-you(pl)-ZEAL/EMULATE-ing!
[in good sense: eager rivalry, emulation, ambition. in bad sense: antagonism, jealousy, envy. compare φθόνος]
.
Gal 4:17
Æmulantur vos non bene : sed excludere vos volunt, ut illos æmulemini.
18Καλὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good/right/fitting
beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
{ τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
♦ - } ζηλοῦσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζηλόω (ζηλ(ο)-, ζηλω·σ-, ζηλω·σ-, εζηλω·κ-, -, -)
ζηλ(ο)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-ZEAL/EMULATE-ed
[in good sense: eager rivalry, emulation, ambition. in bad sense: antagonism, jealousy, envy. compare φθόνος]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
καλῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός)
καλ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
good/right/fitting
beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).
πάντοτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάν·τοτε
παντοτε
indecl
always
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
μόνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Adjective (2-1-2)

μόνον (Adv. of μόνος); μόνος -η -ον
μονον; μον·ον
indecl; neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
only; sole
; apart, sole, only, alone (see κατάμόνος G2651 apart, solely, only, alone)
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
παρεῖναί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -); παρ·ίημι (-, παρ+η·σ-, παρ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. παρ+(ε)-, -, παρ+ει-, παρ+ε·θ-)
παρ·(εσ)·εναι; παρ·(ε)·εναι
pres act inf; 2aor act inf
to-be-BE-PRESENT/NEAR-ing; to-BE-PRESENT
Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).; pass by, pass over, disregard, permit, allow, give up, relaxed, weakened
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
.
———
RP: τὸ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Gal 4:18
Bonum autem æmulamini in bono semper : et non tantum cum præsens sum apud vos.
19{ Τεκνία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τεκνίον, -ου, τό, voc. pl. τεκνία (Dimin. of τέκνον)
τεκνι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
little children
Τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
} μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
, οὓς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ους
mas acc pl
who/whom/which
πάλιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πάλιν
παλιν
indecl
again
afresh, again, anon, once more, back, backwards, restore
ὠδίνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὠδίνω (ωδιν-, ωδινη·σ-, ωδινη·σ-, -, -, -)
ωδιν·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-TRAVAIL-ing, I-should-be-TRAVAIL-ing
have pains of childbirth, anguish
, { ἄχρι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἄχρι/ἄχρις
αχρι
indecl
until (+gen)
up to; even to, as far as, to the uttermost, utterly [ἄχρι before vowels and consonants; ἄχρις before vowels only]
μέχρις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέχρι/μέχρις
μεχρις
indecl
until
[μέχρι before vowels and consonants; μέχρις before vowels only]
} οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
μορφωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μορφόω (-, -, -, -, -, μορφω·θ-)
μορφω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-MORPH-ed
χριστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
,
———
RP: Τεκνία ♦ NA/UBS: Τέκνα
RP: ἄχρι ♦ NA/UBS: μέχρι μέχρις
Gal 4:19
Filioli mei, quos iterum parturio, donec formetur Christus in vobis :
20ἤθελον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
ε·θελ·ον
impf act ind 1st sg or impf act ind 3rd pl
I-was-WANT-ing, they-were-WANT-ing
/wish/desire
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
παρεῖναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -); παρ·ίημι (-, παρ+η·σ-, παρ+η·κ- or 2nd ath. παρ+(ε)-, -, παρ+ει-, παρ+ε·θ-)
παρ·(εσ)·εναι; παρ·(ε)·εναι
pres act inf; 2aor act inf
to-be-BE-PRESENT/NEAR-ing; to-BE-PRESENT
Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).; pass by, pass over, disregard, permit, allow, give up, relaxed, weakened
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
ἄρτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄρτι
αρτι
indecl
just-now
,presently, at-this-moment.
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀλλάξαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀλλάσσω (αλλασσ-, αλλαξ-, αλλαξ-, -, -, αλλαγ·[θ]-)
αλλασσ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-CHANGE/ALTER, be-you(sg)-CHANGE/ALTER-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-CHANGE/ALTER
give in exchange, barter one thing for another, repay requite, leave
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice
cries
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀποροῦμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·πορέω (απορ(ε)-, απορη·σ-, -, -, -, απορη·θ-)
απορ(ε)·ομαι
pres mp ind 1st sg
I-am-being-PERPLEX/CONFUSE-ed
[rise of difficulty, be in doubt, without means]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
.
Gal 4:20
vellem autem esse apud vos modo, et mutare vocem meam : quoniam confundor in vobis.
21Λέγετέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-SAY-ing, be-you(pl)-SAY-ing!
speak, tell, recount
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
, οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ὑπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπό
υπο
indecl
under (+acc), by (+gen)
ὑπ’ before smooth breathing, ὑφ’ before rough breathing
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
θέλοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while WANT-ing
/wish/desire
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
, τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
νόμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ
νομ·ον
(mas) acc sg
custom/law
ordinance custom practice
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἀκούετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-HEAR-ing, be-you(pl)-HEAR-ing!
hearken to
;
Gal 4:21
¶Dicite mihi qui sub lege vultis esse : legem non legistis ?
22Γέγραπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-WRITE-ed
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ἀβραὰμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ
αβρααμ
(mas) indecl
Abraham
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
υἱοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ους
(mas) acc pl
sons
ἔσχεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
ε·σχ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HAVE-ed
/hold.
· ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
παιδίσκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ης
(fem) gen sg
slave girl
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἕνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν·α
mas acc sg
one
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐλευθέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
liberated
.
Gal 4:22
Scriptum est enim : Quoniam Abraham duos filios habuit : unum de ancilla, et unum de libera.
23Ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
παιδίσκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ης
(fem) gen sg
slave girl
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
σάρκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·α
(fem) acc sg
flesh
γεγέννηται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐλευθέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
liberated
{ διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
} ἐπαγγελίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
promise, promises
Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
.
———
RP: διὰ τῆς ♦ NA/UBS: δι’
Gal 4:23
Sed qui de ancilla, secundum carnem natus est : qui autem de libera, per repromissionem :
24Ἅτινά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
α·τιν·α
neu nom|acc pl
those/such-who/which/that
, Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
ἀλληγορούμενα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀλλ·ηγορέω (αλληγορ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
αλληγορ(ε)·ομεν·α
pres mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
while being-SPEAK-ed-ALLEGORICALLY
[figuratively, metaphorically]
· αὗται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·αι
fem nom pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
εἰσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^σι(ν); (εσ)·ασι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg; pres act ind 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-GO-ing; they-are
;
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
διαθῆκαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δια·θήκη, -ης, ἡ
διαθηκ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
covenants
· μία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·α
fem nom sg
one
μὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μέν
μεν
indecl
indeed
/certainly/surely.
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
ὄρους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ε)·ος
(neu) gen sg
mount
Σινᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Σινᾶ
σινα
indecl
Sinai
[mountain of]
, εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
δουλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δουλεία, -ας, ἡ
δουλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
slavery
γεννῶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γενν(α)·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while BEGET/BIRTH-ing
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
, ἥτις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
η·τι[ν]·ς
fem nom sg
one/such-who/which/that
, Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
{ Ἅγαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ἁγάρ, ἡ
αγαρ
(fem) indecl
Hagar
Ἁγάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ἁγάρ, ἡ
αγαρ
(fem) indecl
Hagar
} .
———
RP: Ἅγαρ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἁγάρ
Gal 4:24
quæ sunt per allegoriam dicta. Hæc enim sunt duo testamenta. Unum quidem in monte Sina, in servitutem generans, quæ est Agar :
25{ Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
} { Ἅγαρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ἁγάρ, ἡ
αγαρ
(fem) indecl
Hagar
Ἁγὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ἁγάρ, ἡ
αγαρ
(fem) indecl
Hagar
} Σινᾶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Indecl.)

Σινᾶ
σινα
indecl
Sinai
[mountain of]
ὄρος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
mount
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
Ἀραβίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἀραβία, -ας, ἡ
αραβι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
Arabia
, συστοιχεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συ·στοιχέω (συν+στοιχ(ε)-, -, -, -, -, -)
συν·στοιχ(ε)·ει, συν·στοιχ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-CORRESPOND-ing-TO, you(sg)-are-being-CORRESPOND-ed-TO, be-you(sg)-CORRESPOND-ing-TO!
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
{ Ἱερουσαλήμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem
[city of]
Ἰερουσαλήμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem
[city of]
} , δουλεύει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δουλεύω (δουλευ-, δουλευ·σ-, δουλευ·σ-, δεδουλευ·κ-, -, -)
δουλευ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SERVE(AS SLAVE)-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SERVE(AS SLAVE)-ed
/be-bond-slaved, hence serve/do-service, be-enslaved(+Dat). be-in-bondage-to (give over the prerogative of self-governance).
{ δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
} τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
τέκνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·ων
(neu) gen pl
children
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
.
———
RP: Τὸ γὰρ ♦ NA/UBS: Τὸ δὲ
RP: δὲ μετὰ ♦ NA/UBS: γὰρ μετὰ
RP: Ἅγαρ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἁγὰρ
RP: Ἱερουσαλήμ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἰερουσαλήμ
Gal 4:25
Sina enim mons est in Arabia, qui conjunctus est ei quæ nunc est Jerusalem, et servit cum filiis suis.
26 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἄνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω
ανω
indecl
above
{ Ἱερουσαλὴμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem
[city of]
Ἰερουσαλὴμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem
[city of]
} ἐλευθέρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
liberated
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
, ἥτις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅσ·τις ἥ·τις ὄ τι
η·τι[ν]·ς
fem nom sg
one/such-who/which/that
, Lit: a-particular/some-who/which/that; "ἕως ὅτου": until-when
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
μήτηρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητερ·^
(fem) nom sg
mother
also of motherland
{ πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
(of a relevant set).
♦ - } ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
·
———
RP: πάντων ♦ NA/UBS: —
RP: Ἱερουσαλὴμ ♦ NA/UBS: Ἰερουσαλὴμ
Gal 4:26
Illa autem, quæ sursum est Jerusalem, libera est, quæ est mater nostra.
27γέγραπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γράφω (γραφ-, γραψ-, γραψ-, γεγραφ·[κ]-, γεγραφ-, γραφ·[θ]-)
γεγραφ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-WRITE-ed
γάρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
, Εὐφράνθητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·φραίνω (ευφραιν-, ευφραν(ε)·[σ]-, ευφραν·[σ]-, -, -, ευφραν·θ-)
ευφραν·θητι
aor θη imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-CELEBRATE/REJOICE-ed!
, be/make-glad/joyous, make-merry
, στεῖρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

στεῖρα, -ας, ἡ, voc. sg. στεῖρα
στειρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
barren one
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
τίκτουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίκτω (τικτ-, τεξ-, 2nd τεκ-, τετοκ·[κ]-, -, τεχ·θ-)
τικτ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while GIVE-ing-BIRTH
· ῥῆξον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

ῥήγνυμι/ῥήσσω[1] (ath. ρηγνυ-/ρησσ-, ρηξ-, ρηξ-, ερρηγ·[κ]-/ερρωγ·[κ]-, -, ραγ·[θ]-); ῥάσσω/ῥήσσω[2] [LXX] (ρασσ-/ρησσ-, ραξ-/ρηξ-, ραξ-/ρηξ-, -, -, ραχ·θ-)
ρηγ·σον, ρηγ·σο[υ]ν[τ]; ρησσ·σον, ρησσ·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg; 1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-REND-you(sg)!, going-to-REND; do-STRIKE-you(sg)!, going-to-STRIKE
; dash, overthrow
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
βόησον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βοάω (βο(α)-, βοη·σ-, βοη·σ-, -, -, βοη·θ-)
βοη·σον, βοη·σο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, fut act ptcp mas voc sg or fut act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-BELLOW-you(sg)!, going-to-BELLOW
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ὠδίνουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὠδίνω (ωδιν-, ωδινη·σ-, ωδινη·σ-, -, -, -)
ωδιν·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while TRAVAIL-ing
have pains of childbirth, anguish
· ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
πολλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
many
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐρήμου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2); Verb

ἔρημος -ον; ἐρημόω (ερημ(ο)-, ερημω·σ-, ερημω·σ-, ηρημω·κ-, ηρημω-, ερημω·θ-)
ερημ·ου; ερημ(ο)·ε, ερημ(ο)·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg; pres act imp 2nd sg, pres mp imp 2nd sg
deserted; be-you(sg)-DESOLATE-ing!, be-you(sg)-being-DESOLATE-ed!
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness; [lay-waste, cause to be abandoned]
μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather
(instead)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐχούσης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ουσ·ης
pres act ptcp fem gen sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ἄνδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·α
(mas) acc sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
.
Gal 4:27
Scriptum est enim :
Lætare, sterilis, quæ non paris ;
erumpe et clama, quæ non parturis :
quia multi filii desertæ,
magis quam ejus quæ habet virum.
28{ Ἡμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημεις
nom pl
we
Ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
} δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
, ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
, κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
Ἰσαάκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσαάκ, ὁ
ισαακ
(mas) indecl
Isaac
, ἐπαγγελίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἐπ·αγγελία, -ας, ἡ
επαγγελι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
promise, promises
Lit:"announcement-upon", hence specific/sanctioned-promise/announcement/proclamation.
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
{ ἐσμέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
ἐστέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·τε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are, be-you(pl)!
} .
———
RP: Ἡμεῖς ♦ NA/UBS: Ὑμεῖς
RP: ἐσμέν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐστέ
Gal 4:28
Nos autem, fratres, secundum Isaac promissionis filii sumus.
29Ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just-as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
τότε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

τότε
τοτε
indecl
then
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
σάρκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·α
(fem) acc sg
flesh
γεννηθεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θει[ντ]·ς
aor θη ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon being-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐδίωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
ε·διωκ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing
prosecute: put on trial
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κατὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

κατά
κατα
indecl
down/according to/as per (+acc), against (+gen)
with downward motion κατ’ before smooth breathing, καθ’ before rough breathing w gen= down from w acc= over throughout opposite, over against, in the region of, beyond or past
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
, οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
νῦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

νῦν
νυν
indecl
now
.
Gal 4:29
Sed quomodo tunc is, qui secundum carnem natus fuerat, persequebatur eum qui secundum spiritum : ita et nunc.
30Ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γραφή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ
γραφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
writing
; Ἔκβαλε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·βάλλω (εκ+βαλλ-, εκ+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd εκ+βαλ-, εκ+βεβλη·κ-, εκ+βεβλη-, εκ+βλη·θ-)
εκ·βαλ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-CAST-OUT-you(sg)!
Lit:"throw/cast-from-out-of", hence expel/eject/cast-out,drive-out, remove
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
παιδίσκην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ην
(fem) acc sg
slave girl
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
{ κληρονομήσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κληρο·νομέω (κληρονομ(ε)-, κληρονομη·σ-, κληρονομη·σ-, κεκληρονομη·κ-, -, -)
κληρονομη·σῃ
fut mp ind 2nd sg or 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-INHERIT-ed, he/she/it-should-INHERIT, you(sg)-should-be-INHERIT-ed
Lit:"apportion-by-law", hence inherit/receive-possession-of, gain-title-to
κληρονομήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κληρο·νομέω (κληρονομ(ε)-, κληρονομη·σ-, κληρονομη·σ-, κεκληρονομη·κ-, -, -)
κληρονομη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-INHERIT, you(sg)-will-be-INHERIT-ed
Lit:"apportion-by-law", hence inherit/receive-possession-of, gain-title-to
} [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
παιδίσκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ης
(fem) gen sg
slave girl
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
υἱοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ου
(mas) gen sg
son
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐλευθέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
liberated
.
———
RP: κληρονομήσῃ ♦ NA/UBS: κληρονομήσει
Gal 4:30
Sed quid dicit Scriptura ? Ejice ancillam, et filium ejus : non enim hæres erit filius ancillæ cum filio liberæ.
31{ Ἄρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἄρα[2]
αρα
indecl
therefore-indeed
/hence/it-follows-that. An inferential conjunction implying under these circumstances, something either is/becomes (whatever follows). Similar to, but more disjunctive than "οὖν" (consequently/accordingly).
Διό [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

διό (δι’ ὅ)
διο
indecl
because of which
} , ἀδελφοί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. ἀδελφοί
αδελφ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
brothers
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐσμὲν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·μεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are
παιδίσκης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

παιδίσκη, -ης, ἡ (cf. δούλη)
παιδισκ·ης
(fem) gen sg
slave girl
τέκνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

τέκνον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. τέκνον, voc. pl. τέκνα
τεκν·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
, ἀλλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλα
indecl
but
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
ἐλευθέρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐλεύθερος -έρα -ον
ελευθερ·ας
fem gen sg or fem acc pl
liberated
.
———
RP: Ἄρα ♦ NA/UBS: Διό
Gal 4:31
Itaque, fratres, non sumus ancillæ filii, sed liberæ : qua libertate Christus nos liberavit.
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