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ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ

Joannes

 Robinson-Pierpont 2005 Wiki Latin Translation‎ / Vulgata Clementina
1Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Φαρισαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Φαρισαῖος, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. Φαρισαῖοι
φαρισαι·ων
(mas) gen pl
Pharisees
, Νικόδημος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Νικόδημος, -ου, ὁ
νικοδημ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Nicodemus
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, ἄρχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

ἄρχων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. ἄρχουσιν, voc. pl. ἄρχοντες; ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχο[υ]ν[τ]·^; αρχ·ων; αρχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) nom sg; (fem) gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
ruler; beginnings; while BEGIN/RULE-ing
; ; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
Ἰουδαίων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
Jewish
·
Jn 3:1
Erat autem homo ex pharisæis, Nicodemus nomine, princeps Judæorum.
2οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
νυκτός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

νύξ, -υκτός, ἡ
νυκτ·ος
(fem) gen sg
night
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, Ῥαββί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ῥαββί
ραββι
indecl
rabbi
, οἴδαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]αμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
we-have-KNOW-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
ἐλήλυθας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εληλυθ·[κ]ας
perf act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-have-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
διδάσκαλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ
διδασκαλ·ος
(mas) nom sg
teacher
· οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
none
[not one, no one]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
{ ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
σημεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σημεῖον, -ου, τό; σημεία/σημέα, -ᾶς, ἡ [LXX]
σημει·α; σημει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
signs; sign
;
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
σημεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σημεῖον, -ου, τό; σημεία/σημέα, -ᾶς, ἡ [LXX]
σημει·α; σημει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl; (fem) nom|voc sg
signs; sign
;
} ποιεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-DO/MAKE-ing
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
α
neu nom|acc pl
who/whom/which
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
ποιεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι(ε)·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-DO/MAKE-ing
, ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ῃ
pres act sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
.
———
RP: ταῦτα τὰ σημεῖα δύναται ♦ NA/UBS: δύναται ταῦτα τὰ σημεῖα
Jn 3:2
Hic venit ad Jesum nocte, et dixit ei : Rabbi, scimus quia a Deo venisti magister, nemo enim potest hæc signa facere, quæ tu facis, nisi fuerit Deus cum eo.
3Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ - } Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, Ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-SAY-ing, I-should-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
, ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
γεννηθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
ἰδεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-SEE/BEHOLD
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
.
———
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 3:3
Respondit Jesus, et dixit ei : Amen, amen dico tibi, nisi quis renatus fuerit denuo, non potest videre regnum Dei.
4Λέγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-SAY-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
♦ [ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
] } Νικόδημος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Νικόδημος, -ου, ὁ
νικοδημ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Nicodemus
, Πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
γεννηθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
γέρων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.); Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γέρων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. γέρουσιν; γέρας, -ως, τό [LXX]
γερο[υ]ν[τ]·^; γερ(α)·ων
(mas) nom sg; (neu) gen pl
old man; awards
;
ὤν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
; Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
κοιλίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κοιλία, -ας, ἡ
κοιλι·αν
(fem) acc sg
belly
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
μητρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
mother
also of motherland
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
δεύτερον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
second
εἰσελθεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελθ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-ENTER
Lit:"come-into", hence enter.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γεννηθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
;
———
RP: ὁ ♦ NA/UBS: [ὁ]
Jn 3:4
Dicit ad eum Nicodemus : Quomodo potest homo nasci, cum sit senex ? numquid potest in ventrem matris suæ iterato introire et renasci ?
5Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
, Ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-SAY-ing, I-should-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
, ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
τις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

τὶ[ν]ς[2] τὶ[ν], gen. τινός, dat. τινί, acc. τινά τὶ
τι[ν]·ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
someone
indefinite pronoun; someone, something, anyone, anything. Specific/non-specific is determined from text-markings and/or context).
γεννηθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ὕδατος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
υδατ·ος
(neu) gen sg
water
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
, οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
εἰσελθεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελθ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-ENTER
Lit:"come-into", hence enter.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βασιλείαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ
βασιλει·αν
(fem) acc sg
kingdom
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
.
Jn 3:5
Respondit Jesus : Amen, amen dico tibi, nisi quis renatus fuerit ex aqua, et Spiritu Sancto, non potest introire in regnum Dei.
6Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γεγεννημένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
σαρκὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ος
(fem) gen sg
flesh
σάρξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

σάρξ, -αρκός, ἡ
σαρκ·ς
(fem) nom|voc sg
flesh
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
γεγεννημένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
πνεῦμά [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
.
Jn 3:6
Quod natum est ex carne, caro est : et quod natum est ex spiritu, spiritus est.
7Μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
θαυμάσῃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θαυμάζω (θαυμαζ-, θαυμα·σ-, θαυμα·σ-, τεθαυμα·κ-, τεθαυμασ-, θαυμασ·θ-)
θαυμα·σῃς
1aor act sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-should-MARVEL
/wonder-at/cause-amazement/surprise/shock/awe, be-impressed
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἶπόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
, Δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BIND-ing, be-you(sg)-BIND-ing!; you(sg)-are-being-MUST/NEED-TO/REQUIRE-ed
[bond, enchain], sometimes rendered "should".; have to, must, need to, require
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
γεννηθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεννη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
.
Jn 3:7
Non mireris quia dixi tibi : oportet vos nasci denuo.
8Τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
θέλει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θέλω (θελ-, θελη·σ-, θελη·σ-, τεθελη·κ-, -, -)
θελ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-WANT-ing, you(sg)-are-being-WANT-ed
/wish/desire
πνεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πνέω (πνε-, πνευ·σ-, πνευ·σ-, -, -, -)
irreg. πν(ε)·ει (for πνε·ει > πνεει)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-BLOW-ing
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice
cries
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἀκούεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-HEAR-ing
hearken to
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
οἶδας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]ας
perf act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-have-KNOW-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
πόθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb; Verb

πό·θεν; πίνω (πιν-, πι·[σ]-, 2nd πι-, πεπω·κ-, -, πο·θ-)
ποθεν; πο·θε[ι]ν[τ]
indecl; aor θη ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
whence; upon being-DRINK-ed
[from where, from which];
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ποῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ποῦ[1]
που
indecl
where
ὑπάγει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑπ·άγω (υπ+αγ-, -, 2nd υπ+αγαγ-, -, -, υπ+αχ·θ-)
υπ·αγ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-GO-ing, you(sg)-are-being-GO-ed
Lit:"lead-away-under(authority/commitment))", a transitive verb, to be yoked, to haul in, to be subjected to judgment.. a euphemism of death
· οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every
(of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
γεγεννημένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γεννάω (γενν(α)-, γεννη·σ-, γεννη·σ-, γεγεννη·κ-, γεγεννη-, γεννη·θ-)
γεγεννη·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-BEGET/BIRTH-ed
Lit:"generate", hence beget/bring-forth/give-birth-to (Gen. 6:4): cause genesis of
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πνεύματος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευματ·ος
(neu) gen sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
.
Jn 3:8
Spiritus ubi vult spirat, et vocem ejus audis, sed nescis unde veniat, aut quo vadat : sic est omnis qui natus est ex spiritu.
9Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Νικόδημος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Νικόδημος, -ου, ὁ
νικοδημ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Nicodemus
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, Πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
γενέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
;
Jn 3:9
Respondit Nicodemus, et dixit ei : Quomodo possunt hæc fieri ?
10Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, Σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
εἶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^ (instead of ι·^ς > εις); (εσ)·^ς
pres act ind 2nd sg; pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-BE-ing; you(sg)-are
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
διδάσκαλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ
διδασκαλ·ος
(mas) nom sg
teacher
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰσραήλ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰσραήλ, ὁ
ισραηλ
(mas) indecl
Israel
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γινώσκεις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γινώσκω/γιγν- (γινωσκ-/γιγνωσκ-, γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. γν(ω)-/ath. γν(ο)-, εγνω·κ-, εγνωσ-, γνωσ·θ-)
γινωσκ·εις
pres act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-KNOW-ing
καί έν τούτω γινώσκομεν
;
Jn 3:10
Respondit Jesus, et dixit ei : Tu es magister in Israël, et hæc ignoras ?
11Ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
ἀμὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ἀμήν
αμην
indecl
amen
[faithful and true witness]
λέγω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
λεγ·ω
pres act ind 1st sg or pres act sub 1st sg
I-am-SAY-ing, I-should-be-SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
σοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive); Verb

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν; τρίβω [LXX] (τριβ-, ·σ-, τριψ-, -, τετριβ-, -)
σοι; σ·οι; ·σοι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl; fut act opt 3rd sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg); (fut opt)
; ; worn, rub
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
οἴδαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
οιδ·[κ]αμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
we-have-KNOW-ed
/perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
λαλοῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-SPEAK-ing
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
ἑωράκαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
εωρα·καμεν
perf act ind 1st pl
we-have-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
μαρτυροῦμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ(ε)·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-BEAR-ing-WITNESS
[testify, report, attest]
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
μαρτυρίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μαρτυρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρτυρι·αν
(fem) acc sg
witness
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
λαμβάνετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαμβαν·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-TAKE/RECEIVE-ing, be-you(pl)-TAKE/RECEIVE-ing!
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
.
Jn 3:11
amen, amen dico tibi, quia quod scimus loquimur, et quod vidimus testamur, et testimonium nostrum non accipitis.
12Εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἐπίγεια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐπί·γειος -ον
επιγει·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
earthly/terrestrial
Lit:"upon-earth", hence earthly/terrestrial. Usually "earthly".
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
πιστεύετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-BELIEVE/TRUST-ing, be-you(pl)-BELIEVE/TRUST-ing!
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
, πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
, ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
εἴπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ω, ειπ·[σ]ω, ειπ·ω
1aor mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 1st sg, 2aor act sub 1st sg
you(sg)-were-SAY-ed, I-should-SAY
speak, tell, recount
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἐπουράνια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἐπ·ουράνιος -ον
επουρανι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
heavenly
Lit:"upon-heaven", hence heavenly/selestial
, πιστεύσετε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·σετε
fut act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-BELIEVE/TRUST
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
;
Jn 3:12
Si terrena dixi vobis, et non creditis : quomodo, si dixero vobis cælestia, credetis ?
13Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
none
[not one, no one]
ἀναβέβηκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·βαίνω (ανα+βαιν-, ανα+βη·σ-, ανα+βαιν·[σ]- or 2nd ath. ανα+β(η)-/ath. ανα+β(α)-, ανα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
ανα·βεβη·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-ASCEND-ed
Lit:"step/foot-up", hence ascend.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
οὐρανόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ον
(mas) acc sg
sky/heaven
, εἰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

εἰ
ει
indecl
if
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
καταβάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·βαίνω (κατα+βαιν-, κατα+βη·σ-, 2nd ath. κατα+β(η)-/ath. κατα+β(α)-, κατα+βεβη·κ-, -, -)
κατα·β(α)·[ντ]·ς
2aor act ptcp mas nom|voc sg
upon DESCEND-ing
descend, go down, dismount from, arrive at, attain one's end
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
υἱὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ος
(mas) nom sg
son
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
οὐρανῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
sky/heaven
♦ - } .
———
RP: ὁ ὢν ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 3:13
Et nemo ascendit in cælum, nisi qui descendit de cælo, Filius hominis, qui est in cælo.
14Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
{ Μωσῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωσ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Moses
Μωϋσῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl. and Mas. 3rd Decl.)

Μωϋσῆς v.l. Μωσῆς, -ῆ, ὁ and Μωϋσεύς v.l. Μωσεύς, -έως, ὁ
μωυσ·ης
(mas) nom sg
Moses
} ὕψωσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
ε·υψω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed
(from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
ὄφιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὄφις, -εως, ἡ, voc. pl. ὄφεις
οφ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
serpent
Βασιλισκος Idiom for Broods of snakes were often seen by John in the rocks and when a fire broke out they would scurry (phugein) to their holes for safety. He shall put his hand on the hole of the basilisk
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
, οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
ὑψωθῆναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὑψόω (υψ(ο)-, υψω·σ-, υψω·σ-, -, υψω-, υψω·θ-)
υψω·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-LIFT-UP/EXALT-ed
(from "ὕψος" "height", Lit:"set-high/elevate/lift-up". Fig:"exalt".
δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BIND-ing, be-you(sg)-BIND-ing!; you(sg)-are-being-MUST/NEED-TO/REQUIRE-ed
[bond, enchain], sometimes rendered "should".; have to, must, need to, require
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀνθρώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
human
·
———
RP: Μωσῆς ♦ NA/UBS: Μωϋσῆς
Jn 3:14
Et sicut Moyses exaltavit serpentem in deserto, ita exaltari oportet Filium hominis :
15ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every
(of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BELIEVE/TRUST-ing
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
{ εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
} { μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀπόληται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·ηται
2aor mp sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-DESTROY-ed
fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish, be lost (middle/passive).
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
♦ - } ἔχῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-HAVE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-HAVE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-HAVE-ed
/hold.
ζωὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ην; ζω·ην
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
life; alive
being, living, spirit;
αἰώνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰώνιος -ία -ον
αιωνι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
age-long/ unending
age-long, and therefore: practically eternal, unending; partaking of the character of that which lasts for an age, as contrasted with that which is brief and fleeting
.
———
RP: εἰς αὐτὸν ♦ NA/UBS: ἐν αὐτῷ
RP: μὴ ἀπόληται, ἀλλ’ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 3:15
ut omnis qui credit in ipsum, non pereat, sed habeat vitam æternam.
16Οὕτως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὕτως/οὕτω
ουτως
indecl
thusly/like-this
[Lit:"like-this": in-this-manner (οὕτως before vowels and consonants; οὕτω before consonants only]
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἠγάπησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
ε·αγαπη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-AGAPE-LOVE-ed
/Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
, ὥστε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὥστε
ωστε
indecl
also-like-this
Lit: "like-also"
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
{ αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
♦ - } τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
μονογενῆ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μονο·γενής -ές
μονογεν(ε)·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg or fem acc sg
only born-in-kind
[only born-in-kind, meaning: the only born-in [the same] kin(d)", with an emphasis today on kind(downward differentiation of generations) rather than kin(family, sideways and up), but sharing both senses]
ἔδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
ε·δω·κε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every
(of a relevant set).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BELIEVE/TRUST-ing
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀπόληται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·όλλυμι (ath. απ+ολλυ-, απ+ολ(ε)·[σ]-/απ+ολε·σ-, απ+ολε·σ- or 2nd απ+ολ-, απ+ολωλ·[κ]-, -, -)
απ·ολ·ηται
2aor mp sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-DESTROY-ed
fully/utterly-destroy/ruin/annihilate (active), perish, be lost (middle/passive).
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἔχῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-HAVE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-HAVE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-HAVE-ed
/hold.
ζωὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ην; ζω·ην
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
life; alive
being, living, spirit;
αἰώνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰώνιος -ία -ον
αιωνι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
age-long/ unending
age-long, and therefore: practically eternal, unending; partaking of the character of that which lasts for an age, as contrasted with that which is brief and fleeting
.
———
RP: αὐτοῦ ♦ NA/UBS: —
Jn 3:16
Sic enim Deus dilexit mundum, ut Filium suum unigenitum daret : ut omnis qui credit in eum, non pereat, sed habeat vitam æternam.
17Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
{ αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
} τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
κρίνῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ῃ, κριν(ε)·[σ]ῃ, κριν·[σ]ῃ
pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg, fut mp ind 2nd sg, 1aor act sub 3rd sg or 1aor mp sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-JUDGE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-JUDGE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-JUDGE-ed, you(sg)-will-be-JUDGE-ed, he/she/it-should-JUDGE, you(sg)-should-be-JUDGE-ed
/decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
σωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-SAVE-ed
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κόσμος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ος
(mas) nom sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
δι’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δι’
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
.
———
RP: αὐτοῦ εἰς ♦ NA/UBS: εἰς
Jn 3:17
Non enim misit Deus Filium suum in mundum, ut judicet mundum, sed ut salvetur mundus per ipsum.
18 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BELIEVE/TRUST-ing
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
αὐτὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
κρίνεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-JUDGE-ed
/decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BELIEVE/TRUST-ing
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
ἤδη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἤδη
ηδη
indecl
already
by now, by then
κέκριται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κεκρι·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-JUDGE-ed
/decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πεπίστευκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πεπιστευ·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-BELIEVE/TRUST-ed
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μονογενοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

μονο·γενής -ές
μονογεν(ε)·ος
neu gen sg or mas gen sg or fem gen sg
only born-in-kind
[only born-in-kind, meaning: the only born-in [the same] kin(d)", with an emphasis today on kind(downward differentiation of generations) rather than kin(family, sideways and up), but sharing both senses]
υἱοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ου
(mas) gen sg
son
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
.
Jn 3:18
Qui credit in eum, non judicatur ; qui autem non credit, jam judicatus est : quia non credit in nomine unigeniti Filii Dei.
19Αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
δέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
κρίσις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

κρίσις, -εως, ἡ
κρισ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
judgment
/decision, turning point, sudden change, crisis, estimation, conceit
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
ἐλήλυθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εληλυθ·[κ]ε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
κόσμον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόσμος, -ου, ὁ
κοσμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
world
[present order; material realm; decoration/adornment]
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἠγάπησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
ε·αγαπη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-AGAPE-LOVE-ed
/Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἄνθρωποι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
humans
μᾶλλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

μᾶλλον
μαλλον
indecl
more/rather
(instead)
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
σκότος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σκότο·ς, -ους, τό
σκοτ(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
darkness
gloom, darkness
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
· ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
{ πονηρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
evil, wicked
Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
πονηρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πονηρός -ά -όν
πονηρ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
evil, wicked
Adj.from πόνος + αἴρω: hence pain/labor/trouble-lifting/bearing/propounding.
} τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
works
.
———
RP: πονηρὰ αὐτῶν ♦ NA/UBS: αὐτῶν πονηρὰ
Jn 3:19
Hoc est autem judicium : quia lux venit in mundum, et dilexerunt homines magis tenebras quam lucem : erant enim eorum mala opera.
20Πᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πα[ντ]·ς
mas nom|voc sg
each/every
(of a relevant set).
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
φαῦλα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φαῦλος -η -ον (cf. κακός)
φαυλ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
wicked
vicious, archaic (of language or reasoning) imperfect; defective; cruel or violent; ME: from OFr. vicious or L. vitiosus, from vitium 'vice'
πράσσων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πράσσω/πράττω (πρασσ-/πραττ-, πραξ-, πραξ-, πεπραχ·[κ]-, πεπρασσ-, πραχ·θ-)
πρασσ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while DO-ing
[practice, perform, accomplish]
μισεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μισέω (μισ(ε)-, μιση·σ-, μιση·σ-, μεμιση·κ-, μεμιση-, μιση·θ-)
μισ(ε)·ει, μισ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-HATE/DETEST-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HATE/DETEST-ed, be-you(sg)-HATE/DETEST-ing!
/dislike, abominate
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἐλεγχθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλέγχω (ελεγχ-, ελεγξ-, ελεγξ-, -, -, ελεγχ·θ-)
ελεγχ·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-REPROVE-ed
reprove, rebuke, discipline, convict, expose, show to be guilty
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
works
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
.
Jn 3:20
Omnis enim qui male agit, odit lucem, et non venit ad lucem, ut non arguantur opera ejus :
21 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ποιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative); Verb

ποῖος -α -ον; ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποι·ων; ποι(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
what-kind; while DO/MAKE-ing
;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
ἀλήθειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·λήθεια, -ας, ἡ
αληθει·αν
(fem) acc sg
truth
ἔρχεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
φῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

φῶ[τ]ς, -ωτός, τό
φω[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
light
, ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
φανερωθῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

φανερόω (φανερ(ο)-, φανερω·σ-, φανερω·σ-, -, πεφανερω-, φανερω·θ-)
φανερω·θῃ
aor θη sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be-MANIFEST-ed
[from 5457 "phṓs" (light)], hence illumine, make-visible/apparent(by illumination, bring-out, disclose. Distinct from "ἀποκαλύπτω" (to reveal/uncover something hidden or invisible).
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
works
, ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
θεῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
god
[see theology]
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
εἰργασμένα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐργάζομαι (εργαζ-, εργ(α)·[σ]-, εργα·σ-, -, ειργασ-, εργασ·θ-)
ειργασ·μεν·α
perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc pl
having-been-WORK/STRIVE-ed
.
Jn 3:21
qui autem facit veritatem, venit ad lucem, ut manifestentur opera ejus, quia in Deo sunt facta.
22Μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ταῦτα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
ταυτ·α
neu nom|acc pl
these
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἦλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰησοῦς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl., irreg. and Mas. Indecl.)

Ἰησοῦς, -οῦ, ὁ and Ἰησου, ὁ indecl., dat. -οῦ and -οῖ, acc. -οῦν, voc. -οῦ
ιησ(ο)·ος
(mas) nom sg
Jesus
[Joshua or Jesus]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
μαθηταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.); Verb

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ; μανθάνω (μανθαν-, μαθη·σ-, 2nd μαθ-, μεμαθη·κ-, -, -)
μαθητ·αι; μαθ·ηται
(mas) nom|voc pl; 2aor mp sub 3rd sg
disciples; he/she/it-should-be-LEARN-ed
; practice, recite
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
Ἰουδαίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαία, -ας, ἡ; Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·αν; ιουδαι·αν
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
Judea; Jewish
[region of];
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
διέτριβεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·τρίβω (δια+τριβ-, δια+τριψ-, δια+τριψ-, -, -, -)
δια·ε·τριβ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-STAY-ing
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐβάπτιζεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βαπτίζω (βαπτιζ-, βαπτι·σ-, βαπτι·σ-, -, βεβαπτισ-, βαπτισ·θ-)
ε·βαπτιζ·ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BAPTIZE-ing
.
Jn 3:22
¶Post hæc venit Jesus et discipuli ejus in terram Judæam : et illic demorabatur cum eis, et baptizabat.
23Ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ Ἰωάννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ης
(mas) nom sg
John
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰωάννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ης
(mas) nom sg
John
} βαπτίζων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βαπτίζω (βαπτιζ-, βαπτι·σ-, βαπτι·σ-, -, βεβαπτισ-, βαπτισ·θ-)
βαπτιζ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BAPTIZE-ing
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Αἰνὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Noun (Fem. Indecl.); Verb

αἶνος, -ου, ὁ; Αἰνών, ἡ; αἰνέω (αιν(ε)-, αινε·σ-, αινε·σ-, -, -, -)
αιν·ων; αινων; αιν(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
(mas) gen pl; (fem) indecl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
praises; Aenon; while PRAISE-ing
also a tale, story; ; approve, advise, recommend
ἐγγὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐγγύς
εγγυς
indecl
near
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
{ Σαλήμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαλήμ, ὁ
σαλημ
(mas) indecl
Salem
Σαλείμ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Σαλείμ, ὁ
σαλειμ
(mas) indecl
Salim
} , ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ὕδατα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό
υδατ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
waters
πολλὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral, irreg.)

πολ[λ]ύς πολλή πολ[λ]ύ
πολλ·α
neu nom|acc pl
many
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
παρεγίνοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·γίνομαι (παρα+γιν-, παρα+γενη·σ-, 2nd παρα+γεν-, παρα+γεγον·[κ]-, -, παρα+γενη·θ-)
παρα·ε·γιν·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-BECOME-PRESENT-ed
Lit:"become-close-beside", hence, appear/arrive, show-up, turn-up.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐβαπτίζοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βαπτίζω (βαπτιζ-, βαπτι·σ-, βαπτι·σ-, -, βεβαπτισ-, βαπτισ·θ-)
ε·βαπτιζ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-BAPTIZE-ed
.
———
RP: Ἰωάννης ♦ NA/UBS: ὁ Ἰωάννης
RP: Σαλήμ ♦ NA/UBS: Σαλείμ
Jn 3:23
Erat autem et Joannes baptizans, in Ænnon, juxta Salim : quia aquæ multæ erant illic, et veniebant et baptizabantur.
24Οὔπω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

οὔπω (οὔ πω)
ουπω
indecl
not yet
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
βεβλημένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βάλλω (βαλλ-, βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, βαλ·[σ]- or 2nd βαλ-, βεβλη·κ-, βεβλη-, βλη·θ-)
βεβλη·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-THROW-ed
/cast
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φυλακὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φυλακή, -ῆς, ἡ
φυλακ·ην
(fem) acc sg
prison/guard
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
Ἰωάννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ης
(mas) nom sg
John
.
Jn 3:24
Nondum enim missus fuerat Joannes in carcerem.
25Ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
ζήτησις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ζήτησις, -εως, ἡ
ζητησ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
investigation
/search/inquiry
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
μαθητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ
μαθητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
disciples
Ἰωάννου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ου
(mas) gen sg
John
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
Ἰουδαίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

Ἰουδαῖος -αία -ον
ιουδαι·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
Jewish
περὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

περί
περι
indecl
about (+acc,+gen)
Lit:"around" (as in perimeter "around-measure"). Fig:about/regarding/concerning
καθαρισμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καθαρισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
καθαρισμ·ου
(mas) gen sg
purification
.
Jn 3:25
Facta est autem quæstio ex discipulis Joannis cum Judæis de purificatione.
26Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἦλθον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-COME-ed, they-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
Ἰωάννην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ην
(mas) acc sg
John
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
{ εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
} αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
, Ῥαββί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Hebrew-Aramaic

ῥαββί
ραββι
indecl
rabbi
, ὃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ος
mas nom sg
who/whom/which
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
σοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
πέραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

πέραν
περαν
indecl
across
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
Ἰορδάνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰορδάνης, -ου, ὁ
ιορδαν·ου
(mas) gen sg
Jordan
[river of]
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ

neu dat sg or mas dat sg
who/whom/which
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
μεμαρτύρηκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μεμαρτυρη·κας
perf act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-have-BEAR-ed-WITNESS
[testify, report, attest]
, ἴδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ε
2aor act imp 2nd sg
do-SEE/BEHOLD-you(sg)!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
οὗτος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]ουτ·ος
mas nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
βαπτίζει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

βαπτίζω (βαπτιζ-, βαπτι·σ-, βαπτι·σ-, -, βεβαπτισ-, βαπτισ·θ-)
βαπτιζ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BAPTIZE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-BAPTIZE-ed
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
(of a relevant set).
ἔρχονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ονται
pres mp ind 3rd pl
they-are-being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
———
RP: εἶπον ♦ NA/UBS: εἶπαν
Jn 3:26
Et venerunt ad Joannem, et dixerunt ei : Rabbi, qui erat tecum trans Jordanem, cui tu testimonium perhibuisti, ecce hic baptizat, et omnes veniunt ad eum.
27Ἀπεκρίθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·κρίνομαι (απο+κριν-, -, απο+κριν·[σ]-, -, απο+κεκρι-, απο+κρι·θ-)
απο·ε·κρι·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-ANSWER-ed
Lit:"judge/decide-from", hence involves a response that requires some thinking/consideration/decision. Usually rendered "answer" (in response to a question/inquiry)
Ἰωάννης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

Ἰωάν(ν)ης, -ου, ὁ
ιωανν·ης
(mas) nom sg
John
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY-ed
speak, tell, recount
, Οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
δύναται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

δυνατός -ή -όν; δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυνατ·αι; δυν(α)·ται
fem nom|voc pl; pres mp ind 3rd sg
capable; he/she/it-is-being-ABLE-ed
/powerful/able/;
ἄνθρωπος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ
ανθρωπ·ος
(mas) nom sg
human
λαμβάνειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαμβαν·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-TAKE/RECEIVE-ing
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
{ οὐδέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
none
[not one, no one]
οὐδὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐδέ (οὐ δέ)
ουδε
indecl
neither/nor
Lit:"not-moreover" or "not-but", hence neither/nor.
οὐδ’ sometimes before vowels.
ἓν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
ε[ι]ν
neu nom|acc sg
one
} , ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ῃ
pres act sub 3rd sg
he/she/it-should-be
δεδομένον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδο·μεν·ον
perf mp ptcp mas acc sg or perf mp ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
having-been-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῳ
mas dat sg or neu dat sg
him/it/same
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
.
———
RP: οὐδέν ♦ NA/UBS: οὐδὲ ἓν
Jn 3:27
Respondit Joannes, et dixit : Non potest homo accipere quidquam, nisi fuerit ei datum de cælo.
28Αὐτοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οι
mas nom pl
they/same
ὑμεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμεις
nom pl
you(pl)
{ μαρτυρεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-BEAR-ing-WITNESS, be-you(pl)-BEAR-ing-WITNESS!
[testify, report, attest]
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
μαρτυρεῖτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-BEAR-ing-WITNESS, be-you(pl)-BEAR-ing-WITNESS!
[testify, report, attest]
} ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY-you(sg)!, I-SAY-ed, they-SAY-ed, upon SAY-ing
speak, tell, recount
, { Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
♦ [ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
] Οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
} εἰμὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
χριστός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
Ἀπεσταλμένος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απ·εσταλ·μεν·ος
perf mp ptcp mas nom sg
having-been-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
εἰμὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

εἶμι[2] [EXTRA] (ath. ι-/ath. ει-, -, -, -, -, -); εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ι·^μι; (εσ)·^μι
pres act ind 1st sg; pres act ind 1st sg
I-am-BE-ing; I-am
;
ἔμπροσθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔμ·προσ·θεν/-θε
εμπροσθεν
indecl
before/in-front-of
Lit:"in-toward" hence before/facing/in-front-of, former/previous
ἐκείνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
that
.
———
RP: μαρτυρεῖτε ♦ NA/UBS: μοι μαρτυρεῖτε
RP: Οὐκ ♦ NA/UBS: [ὅτι] Οὐκ
Jn 3:28
Ipsi vos mihi testimonium perhibetis, quod dixerim : Non sum ego Christus : sed quia missus sum ante illum.
29 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἔχων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while HAVE-ing
/hold.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
νύμφην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·ην
(fem) acc sg
bride/daughter-in-law
, νυμφίος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νυμφίος, -ου, ὁ
νυμφι·ος
(mas) nom sg
groom
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
φίλος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

φίλος -η -ον
φιλ·ος
mas nom sg
friend
companion
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
νυμφίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νυμφίος, -ου, ὁ
νυμφι·ου
(mas) gen sg
groom
, [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἑστηκὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἵστημι (ath. ιστ(α)-/ath. ιστ(η)-, στη·σ-, στη·σ- or 2nd ath. στ(η)-/ath. στ(α)-, εστη·κ-/εστα·κ-/εστ(α)·[κ]-, εστη-/εστα-, στα·θ-)
εστη·κο[τ]·^ς
perf act ptcp mas nom sg
having STAND-ed
/cause-to-stand
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀκούων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ακου·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while HEAR-ing
hearken to
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
, χαρᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
χαρ·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
joy
χαίρει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-REJOICE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-REJOICE-ed
salute, salutation
διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice
cries
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
νυμφίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

νυμφίος, -ου, ὁ
νυμφι·ου
(mas) gen sg
groom
· αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
οὖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὖν
ουν
indecl
consequently
/accordingly/therefore. Similar to, but not as disjunctive as "ἄρα".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
χαρὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ
χαρ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
joy
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἐμὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Possessive)

ἐμός -ή -όν
εμ·η
fem nom|voc sg
my/mine
πεπλήρωται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
πεπληρω·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-FILL-ed
fill, make full or complete (hence, "fulfill").
.
Jn 3:29
Qui habet sponsam, sponsus est : amicus autem sponsi, qui stat, et audit eum, gaudio gaudet propter vocem sponsi. Hoc ergo gaudium meum impletum est.
30Ἐκεῖνον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ἐκεῖνος -η -ο
εκειν·ον
mas acc sg
that
δεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

δέω (δε-/δ(ε)-, δη·σ-, δη·σ-, δεδε·κ-, δεδε-, δε·θ-); δέομαι (δε-/δ(ε)-, -, -, -, δεδεη-, δεη·θ-)
δ(ε)·ει, δ(ε)·ε; δ(ε)·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act imp 2nd sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-BIND-ing, be-you(sg)-BIND-ing!; you(sg)-are-being-MUST/NEED-TO/REQUIRE-ed
[bond, enchain], sometimes rendered "should".; have to, must, need to, require
αὐξάνειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αὐξάνω/αὔξω (αυξαν-/αυξ-, αυξη·σ-, αυξη·σ-, -, ηυξη-, αυξη·θ-)
αυξαν·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-GROW/INCREASE-ing
[in power, strength, numbers etc..]
, ἐμὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμε; εμ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
me; my/mine
;
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἐλαττοῦσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλαττόω/ἐλασσόω (ελαττ(ο)-/ελασσ(ο)-, ελαττω·σ-, ελαττω·σ-, -, ηλαττω-, ελαττω·θ-)
ελαττ(ο)·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-MAKE-ed-INFERIOR
.
Jn 3:30
Illum oportet crescere, me autem minui.
31 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἄνωθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἄνω·θεν
ανωθεν
indecl
from above
ἐρχόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἐπάνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐπ·άνω
επανω
indecl
over
Lit:"upon-up", hence over-above.
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
(of a relevant set).
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
. [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ὢν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while being
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
, ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
λαλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλ(ε)·ει, λαλ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SPEAK-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SPEAK-ed, be-you(sg)-SPEAK-ing!
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
{ οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
ἐρχόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
ἐπάνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐπ·άνω
επανω
indecl
over
Lit:"upon-up", hence over-above.
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
(of a relevant set).
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
ἐρχόμενος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ερχ·ομεν·ος
pres mp ptcp mas nom sg
while being-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
[ ἐπάνω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐπ·άνω
επανω
indecl
over
Lit:"upon-up", hence over-above.
πάντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl
all
(of a relevant set).
ἐστίν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
] } .
———
RP: οὐρανοῦ ἐρχόμενος ἐπάνω πάντων ἐστίν ♦ NA/UBS: οὐρανοῦ ἐρχόμενος [ἐπάνω πάντων ἐστίν]
Jn 3:31
Qui desursum venit, super omnes est. Qui est de terra, de terra est, et de terra loquitur. Qui de cælo venit, super omnes est.
32{ Καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative)

ὅς ἥ ὅ
ο
neu nom|acc sg
who/whom/which
} ἑώρακεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
εωρα·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἤκουσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ε·ακου·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HEAR-ed
hearken to
, τοῦτο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
τουτ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
μαρτυρεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

μαρτύρομαι (μαρτυρ-, -, μαρτυρ·[σ]-, -, -, -); μαρτυρέω (μαρτυρ(ε)-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μαρτυρη·σ-, μεμαρτυρη·κ-, μεμαρτυρη-, μαρτυρη·θ-)
μαρτυρ·ει; μαρτυρ(ε)·ει, μαρτυρ(ε)·ε
pres mp ind 2nd sg classical; pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-being-CALL-ed-TO-WITNESS; he/she/it-is-BEAR-ing-WITNESS, you(sg)-are-being-BEAR-ed-WITNESS, be-you(sg)-BEAR-ing-WITNESS!
; [testify, report, attest]
· καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
μαρτυρίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μαρτυρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρτυρι·αν
(fem) acc sg
witness
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
οὐδεὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

οὐδ·είς οὐδε·μία οὐδ·έν and οὐθ·είς (οὐθε·μία) οὐθ·έν
ουδει[ν]·ς
mas nom sg
none
[not one, no one]
λαμβάνει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαμβαν·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-TAKE/RECEIVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
.
———
RP: Καὶ ὃ ♦ NA/UBS: Ὃ
Jn 3:32
Et quod vidit, et audivit, hoc testatur : et testimonium ejus nemo accipit.
33 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λαβὼν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
λαβ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
2aor act ptcp mas nom sg
upon TAKE/RECEIVE-ing
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
μαρτυρίαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

μαρτυρία, -ας, ἡ
μαρτυρι·αν
(fem) acc sg
witness
ἐσφράγισεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σφραγίζω (σφραγιζ-, σφραγι(ε)·[σ]-, σφραγι·σ-, -, εσφραγισ-, σφραγισ·θ-)
ε·σφραγι·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEAL-ed
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
ἀληθής [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

ἀ·ληθής -ες
αληθ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
true/unerring
ἐστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
.
Jn 3:33
Qui accepit ejus testimonium signavit, quia Deus verax est.
34Ὃν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Relative); Verb

ὅς ἥ ὅ; εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ον; (εσ)·ο[υ]ν[τ]
mas acc sg; pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
who/whom/which; while being
;
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἀπέστειλεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στέλλω (απο+στελλ-, απο+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, απο+στειλ·[σ]-, απ+εσταλ·κ-, απ+εσταλ-, απο+σταλ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στειλ·[σ]ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SEND-FORTH-ed
Lit:"send/arrange-from/away". Often rendered "send-forth" (a message, messenger, action, etc), send
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
, τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ῥήματα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ῥῆμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ρηματ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
declarations
/saying/statement/utterance Often "word" but distinguished from "logos" (message)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
λαλεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλ(ε)·ει, λαλ(ε)·ε
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres act imp 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-SPEAK-ing, you(sg)-are-being-SPEAK-ed, be-you(sg)-SPEAK-ing!
· οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
γὰρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

γάρ
γαρ
indecl
for
since, as
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
μέτρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.); Verb

μέτρον, -ου, τό; μετρέω (μετρ(ε)-, μετρη·σ-, μετρη·σ-, -, μεμετρη-, μετρη·θ-)
μετρ·ου; μετρ(ε)·ου
(neu) gen sg; pres mp imp 2nd sg
measure; be-you(sg)-being-MEASURE-ed!
;
δίδωσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
διδ(ο)·^σι(ν), διδ(ω)·ωσι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg, pres act sub 3rd pl
he/she/it-is-GIVE-ing, they-should-be-GIVE-ing
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
{ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
} πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
.
———
RP: ὁ θεὸς τὸ ♦ NA/UBS: τὸ
Jn 3:34
Quem enim misit Deus, verba Dei loquitur : non enim ad mensuram dat Deus spiritum.
35 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πατὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πατήρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ὁ, voc. pl. πατέρες
πατερ·^
(mas) nom sg
father
ἀγαπᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀγαπάω (αγαπ(α)-, αγαπη·σ-, αγαπη·σ-, ηγαπη·κ-, ηγαπη-, αγαπη·θ-)
αγαπ(α)·ει, αγαπ(α)·ῃ
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
he/she/it-is-AGAPE-LOVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-AGAPE-LOVE-ed, you(sg)-are-being-AGAPE-LOVE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-AGAPE-LOVE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-AGAPE-LOVE-ed
/Calvary/sacrificial-love. Distinct from "φιλέω" (affection, friendship-love) and "έρος" (romantic/sexual-love).
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
, καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πάντα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or mas acc sg
all, each/every
(of a relevant set).
δέδωκεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δεδω·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-GIVE-ed
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
χειρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ι
(fem) dat sg
hand
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
.
Jn 3:35
Pater diligit Filium et omnia dedit in manu ejus.
36 [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
πιστεύων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
πιστευ·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while BELIEVE/TRUST-ing
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
υἱὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ον
(mas) acc sg
son
ἔχει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔχω (εχ-, εξ-, 2nd σχ-, εσχη·κ-, -, εχ·θ-)
εχ·ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-HAVE-ing, you(sg)-are-being-HAVE-ed
/hold.
ζωὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ην; ζω·ην
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
life; alive
being, living, spirit;
αἰώνιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

αἰώνιος -ία -ον
αιωνι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
age-long/ unending
age-long, and therefore: practically eternal, unending; partaking of the character of that which lasts for an age, as contrasted with that which is brief and fleeting
· [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀπειθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3); Verb

ἀ·πειθής -ές; ἀ·πειθέω (απειθ(ε)-, απειθη·σ-, απειθη·σ-, -, -, -)
απειθ(ε)·ων; απειθ(ε)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl; pres act ptcp mas nom sg
disobedient; while DISOBEY-ing
unpersuade; (commands/injunctions), disbelieve/be-unpersuaded(the gospel). LXX: rebel
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
υἱῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
son
, οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ὄψεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
οφ·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-SEE/BEHOLD-ed
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ζωήν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ; ζωός -ή -όν [EXTRA]
ζω·ην; ζω·ην
(fem) acc sg; fem acc sg
life; alive
being, living, spirit;
, ἀλλ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἀλλά
αλλ’
indecl
but
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ὀργὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
θεοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ου
(mas) gen sg
god
[see theology]
μένει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μένω (μεν-, μεν(ε)·[σ]-, μειν·[σ]-, μεμενη·κ-, -, -)
μεν·ει, μεν(ε)·[σ]ει
pres act ind 3rd sg or pres mp ind 2nd sg classical, fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-is-REMAIN-ing--EXPECT, you(sg)-are-being-REMAIN-ed--EXPECT, he/she/it-will-REMAIN--EXPECT, you(sg)-will-be-REMAIN-ed--EXPECT
/stay. hence abide/dwell
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐτόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ον
mas acc sg
him/it/same
.
Jn 3:36
Qui credit in Filium, habet vitam æternam ; qui autem incredulus est Filio, non videbit vitam, sed ira Dei manet super eum.
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