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Ροὺθ

Ruth

 CATSS LXX Wiki Latin Translation‎ / Vulgata Clementina
1καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
κρίνειν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κρίνω (κριν-, κριν(ε)·[σ]-, κριν·[σ]-, κεκρι·κ-, κεκρι-, κρι·θ-)
κριν·ειν, κριν(ε)·[σ]ειν
pres act inf, fut act inf
to-be-JUDGE-ing, to-will-JUDGE
/decide, assess/determine, discriminate/separate. Also LXX: contend, avenge/vindicate, decree.
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
κριτὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

κριτής, -οῦ, ὁ
κριτ·ας
(mas) acc pl
judges
[see critic]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐγένετο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·ετο
2aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
λιμὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.)

λιμός, -οῦ, ὁ and
λιμ·ος
(mas) nom sg or (fem) nom sg
famine
hunger
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
γῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
earth/land
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπορεύθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
Βαιθλεεμ τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Ιουδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Judas/Judah
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
παροικῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·οικέω (παρ+οικ(ε)-, παρ+οικη·σ-, παρ+οικη·σ-, παρ+ῳκη·κ-, -, -)
παρ·οικη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SOJOURN/DWELL BY, be-you(sg)-SOJOURN/DWELL BY-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SOJOURN/DWELL BY
Lit:"dwell-close-beside", hence sojourn/migrate, dwell-temporarily... in contrast with "κατοικέω" (down-dwell/settle).
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀγρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
field
ἔχομεν
Μωαβ αὐτὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ος
mas nom sg
he/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γυνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
Ru 1:1
In diebus unius judicis, quando judices præerant, facta est fames in terra. Abiitque homo de Bethlehem Juda, ut peregrinaretur in regione Moabitide cum uxore sua ac duobus liberis.
2καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
ἀνδρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
Αβιμελεχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Αβιμελεχ, ὁ [LXX]
αβιμελεχ
(mas) indecl
Abimelech
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
γυναικὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ι
(fem) dat sg
woman/wife
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
δυσὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.); Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral); Verb

δύσις, -εως, ἡ; δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο; δύνω/δύω (δυ-/δυν-, δυ·σ-, 2nd ath. δυ-, δεδυ·κ-, -, -)
δυσ(ι)·ν; δυσι(ν); δυ·[ντ]·σι(ν)
(fem) acc sg; dat pl; 2aor act ptcp mas dat pl or 2aor act ptcp neu dat pl
west; two; upon SET-ing
(where the sun sets).; ; /go-down (sun/star/moon). See Ecclesiastes 1:5 LXX.
υἱοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οις
(mas) dat pl
sons
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
Μααλων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Χελαιων Εφραθαῖοι ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
Βαιθλεεμ τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Ιουδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Judas/Judah
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἤλθοσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἔρχομαι (ερχ-, ελευ·σ-, ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd ελθ-, εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
ε·ελθ·οσαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl alt
they-COME-ed
Sometimes (carelessly) rendered "go", despite "ὑπάγω" = "go" (see Mk 6:31, Jn 14:28 for distinction).
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀγρὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ον
(mas) acc sg
field
ἔχομεν
Μωαβ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
they-were
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
Ru 1:2
Ipse vocabatur Elimelech, et uxor ejus Noëmi : et duo filii, alter Mahalon, et alter Chelion, Ephrathæi de Bethlehem Juda. Ingressique regionem Moabitidem, morabantur ibi.
3καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπέθανεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-DIE-ed
Αβιμελεχ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. Indecl.)

Αβιμελεχ, ὁ [LXX]
αβιμελεχ
(mas) indecl
Abimelech
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἀνὴρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
irreg. ανε[δ]ρ·^
(mas) nom sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατελείφθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λείπω (κατα+λειπ-, κατα+λειψ-, κατα+λειψ- or 2nd κατα+λιπ-, κατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, κατα+λελειπ-, κατα+λειφ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λειπ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-LEAVE-BEHIND-ed
Lit:leave-down, hence leave-behind, forsake, abandon
αὐτὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·η
fem nom sg
she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
Ru 1:3
Et mortuus est Elimelech maritus Noëmi : remansitque ipsa cum filiis.
4καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐλάβοσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·οσαν
2aor act ind 3rd pl alt
they-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
ἑαυτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Reflexive)

ἑ·αυτοῦ/αὑτοῦ[2] -ῆς -οῦ
εαυτ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
selves
him/her/it/our/your/them-selves
γυναῖκας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ας
(fem) acc pl
women/wives
Μωαβίτιδας ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
μιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

εἷς[2] μία ἕν, gen. sg. ἑνός μιᾶς ἑνός
μι·ᾳ
fem dat sg
one
Ορφα καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ὄνομα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄνομα[τ], -ατος, τό
ονομα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
name
(with regard to)
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
δευτέρᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Ordinal Numeral)

δεύτερος -α -ον
δευτερ·ᾳ
fem dat sg
second
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατῴκησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·οικέω (κατ+οικ(ε)-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+ῳκη·κ-, -, κατ+οικη·θ-)
κατ·ε·οικη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-RESIDE/SETTLE-DOWN-ed
Lit:"down-dwell", hence reside/dwell-permanently, settle-down-thoroughly/pervasively and in full control, to be exactly at home (see Eph 3:17, Col 1:19, 2:9). Contrast with "παροικέω" (dwell-beside))
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
δέκα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δέκα
δεκα
indecl
ten
ἔτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔτο·ς, -ους, τό
ετ(ε)·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
years
Ru 1:4
Qui acceperunt uxores Moabitidas, quarum una vocabatur Orpha, altera vero Ruth. Manseruntque ibi decem annis,
5καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπέθανον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·θαν·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-DIE-ed, they-DIE-ed
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
ἀμφότεροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἀμφότεροι -αι -α
αμφοτερ·οι
mas nom|voc pl
both
Μααλων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Χελαιων καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατελείφθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λείπω (κατα+λειπ-, κατα+λειψ-, κατα+λειψ- or 2nd κατα+λιπ-, κατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, κατα+λελειπ-, κατα+λειφ·θ-)
κατα·ε·λειπ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-LEAVE-BEHIND-ed
Lit:leave-down, hence leave-behind, forsake, abandon
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γυνὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναι[κ] > irreg. γυνη
(fem) nom sg
woman/wife
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἀνδρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
υἱῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ων
(mas) gen pl
sons
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
Ru 1:5
et ambo mortui sunt, Mahalon videlicet et Chelion : remansitque mulier orbata duobus liberis ac marito.
6καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνέστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·ίστημι (ath. αν+ιστ(α)-/ath. αν+ιστ(η)-, ανα+στη·σ-, ανα+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. ανα+στ(η)-/ath. ανα+στ(α)-, ανα+εστη·κ-/ανα+εστα·κ-, -, ανα+στα·θ-)
ανα·ε·στ(η)·^
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ἩΜΈΡΑΙΣ-ed
Lit:"stand-up-again", hence put-up/raise/arise. Usually resurrect.
αὐτὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·η
fem nom sg
she/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
νύμφαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
brides/daughters-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀπέστρεψαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στρεφ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-TURN-AWAY-ed
Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἀγροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
field
ἔχομεν
Μωαβ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἤκουσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb; Verb

ἥκω (ηκ-, ηξ-, ηξ-, ηκ·[κ]-, -, -); ἀκούω (ακου-, ακου·σ-, ακου·σ-, ακηκο·[κ]-, ηκουσ-, ακουσ·θ-)
ηκ·ουσ·αν; ε·ακου·σαν
pres act ptcp fem acc sg; 1aor act ind 3rd pl
while ARRIVE-ing; they-HEAR-ed
[be-present, approach. Similar to: έρχομαι. except more emphasis upon destination than the journey]; hearken to
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀγρῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
field
ἔχομεν
Μωαβ ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐπέσκεπται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·σκέπτομαι (επι+σκεπτ-, επι+σκεψ-, επι+σκεψ-, -, επ+εσκεπτ-, επι+σκεφ·θ-/επι+σκεπ·[θ]-)
επ·εσκεπτ·ται
perf mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-been-CHECK-ed-UP-ON
[look in on] to pass in review, to visit, to examine, to inspect, be concerned about
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
δοῦναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ο)·εναι
2aor act inf
to-GIVE
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
ἄρτους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄρτος, -ου, ὁ
αρτ·ους
(mas) acc pl
[loaves of] bread
(uncertain origin, possibly from "αιρο","to-lift" )
Ru 1:6
Et surrexit ut in patriam pergeret cum utraque nuru sua de regione Moabitide : audierat enim quod respexisset Dominus populum suum, et dedisset eis escas.
7καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
[exit]
ἐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εκ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
τόπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

τόπος, -ου, ὁ
τοπ·ου
(mas) gen sg
place
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
ἦν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·^
impf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was
ἐκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἐκεῖ
εκει
indecl
there
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
δύο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Cardinal Numeral)

δύο, gen. δύο, dat. δυσί(ν), acc. δύο
δυο
nom|acc|gen pl
two
νύμφαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
brides/daughters-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπορεύοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·οντο
impf mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-being-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
ὁδῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ
οδ·ῳ
(fem) dat sg
way/road
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
ἐπιστρέψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-TURN-AROUND, be-you(sg)-TURN-AROUND-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-TURN-AROUND
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
γῆν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ην
(fem) acc sg
earth/land
Ιουδα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

Ἰούδας, -α and -ου, ὁ
ιουδ·α
(mas) voc sg or (mas) gen sg
Judas/Judah
Ru 1:7
¶Egressa est itaque de loco peregrinationis suæ, cum utraque nuru : et jam in via revertendi posita in terram Juda,
8καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
Νωεμιν ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
νύμφαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·αις
(fem) dat pl
brides/daughters-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
πορεύεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-GO-ed, be-you(pl)-being-GO-ed!
go/depart/proceed/travel
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
ἀποστράφητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·στραφ·[θ]ητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-TURN-AWAY-ed!, you(pl)-should-be-TURN-AWAY-ed
Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
ἑκάστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·η
fem nom|voc sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
οἶκον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ον
(mas) acc sg
house/home
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
μητρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μήτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ
μητ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
mother
also of motherland
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ποιήσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
μεθ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μεθ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ὑμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμων
gen pl
you(pl)
ἔλεος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl. and Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἔλεο·ς, -ους, τό v.l. ἔλεος, -ου, ὁ
ελε(ο)·ς, ελε·ος
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg, (mas) nom sg
mercy
[pity, mercy, compassion]
καθὼς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

καθ·ώς
καθως
indecl
as accordingly
[according to how/in accordance with how]
ἐποιήσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ε·ποιη·σατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-DO/MAKE-ed
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
τεθνηκότων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θνῄσκω (-, -, -, τεθνη·κ-, τεθνα-, -)
τεθνη·κοτ·ων
perf act ptcp mas gen pl or perf act ptcp neu gen pl
having BE DEAD-ed
die, be mortal [τεθνηκεν]
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
Ru 1:8
dixit ad eas : Ite in domum matris vestræ : faciat vobiscum Dominus misericordiam, sicut fecistis cum mortuis, et mecum.
9δῴη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δίδωμι (ath. διδ(ο)-/ath. διδ(ω)-, δω·σ-, δω·κ- or 2nd ath. δ(ο)-/ath. δ(ω)-, δεδω·κ-, δεδο-, δο·θ-)
δ(ω)·ιη (instead of δ(ο)·ιη > δοιη)
2aor act opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-GIVE
/offer, grant/bestow(to an inferior).
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εὕροιτε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὑρίσκω (ευρισκ-, ευρη·σ-, ευρ·[σ]- or 2nd ευρ-, ευρη·κ-, ευρη-, ευρε·θ-)
ευρ·οιτε
2aor act opt 2nd pl
you(pl)-happen-to-FIND
/learn/discover (after searching)
ἀνάπαυσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνά·παυσις, -εως, ἡ
αναπαυσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
rest
ἑκάστη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Distributive Numeral)

ἕκαστος -η -ον
εκαστ·η
fem nom|voc sg
each-separately
(from "ἕκας" "separate"), hence each-separately/distinctly (as opposed to "πᾶς" "each-of-a-relevant-set"
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
οἴκῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οἶκος, -ου, ὁ (cf. οἰκία)
οικ·ῳ
(mas) dat sg
house/home
/dwelling-place, by extension, household.
ἀνδρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ος
(mas) gen sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατεφίλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·φιλέω (κατα+φιλ(ε)-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·φιλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-KISS-ed
caress.
αὐτάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ας
fem acc pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπῆραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·ε·αρ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-RAISE/LIFT-UP-ed
Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice
cries
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔκλαυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλαίω (κλαι-, κλαυ·σ-, κλαυ·σ-, -, -, κλαυσ·θ-)
ε·κλαυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-WEEP-ed
(aloud).
Ru 1:9
Det vobis invenire requiem in domibus virorum quos sortituræ estis. Et osculata est eas. Quæ elevata voce flere cœperunt,
10καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αν, ειπ·[σ]αν[τ]
1aor act ind 3rd pl, 1aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
they-SAY/TELL-ed, upon SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
μετὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετα
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
σοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ἐπιστρέφομεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·ομεν
pres act ind 1st pl
we-are-TURN-AROUND-ing
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
Ru 1:10
et dicere : Tecum pergemus ad populum tuum.
11καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
Νωεμιν ἐπιστράφητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στραφ·[θ]ητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-TURN-AROUND-ed!, you(pl)-should-be-TURN-AROUND-ed
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
δή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
θυγατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
daughters
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
πορεύεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-GO-ed, be-you(pl)-being-GO-ed!
go/depart/proceed/travel
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
κοιλίᾳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κοιλία, -ας, ἡ
κοιλι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
belly
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔσονται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
εσ·[σ]ονται
fut mp ind 3rd pl
they-will-be
ὑμῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμιν
dat pl
you(pl)
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἄνδρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ας
(mas) acc pl
men
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
Ru 1:11
Quibus illa respondit : Revertimini, filiæ meæ, cur venitis mecum ? num ultra habeo filios in utero meo, ut viros ex me sperare possitis ?
12ἐπιστράφητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στραφ·[θ]ητε
aor θη imp 2nd pl or aor θη sub 2nd pl
be-you(pl)-TURN-AROUND-ed!, you(pl)-should-be-TURN-AROUND-ed
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
δή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
θυγατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
daughters
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
διότι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

δι·ότι
διοτι
indecl
because/that
γεγήρακα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γηράσκω (γηρασκ-, γηρα·σ-, γηρα·σ-, γεγηρα·κ-, -, -)
γεγηρα·κα
perf act ind 1st sg
I-have-GROW-ed-OLD
(aging)
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
εἶναι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·εναι
pres act inf
to-be
ἀνδρί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἶπα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]α
1aor act ind 1st sg
I-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
ὑπόστασις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

ὑπό·στασις, -εως, ἡ
υποστασ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
support-structure, confidence
Lit:"what-stands-under/below", hence foundation, sub/support-structure, underpinning. Fig:confidence Eng:"sub-stance"(solid/tangible),"hypostasis" (underlying-reality). LXX: counsel,garrison,tent,burden,pillar,foot-hold,hope
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
γενηθῆναί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γενη·θηναι
aor θη inf
to-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
ἀνδρὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τέξομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

τίκτω (τικτ-, τεξ-, 2nd τεκ-, τετοκ·[κ]-, -, τεχ·θ-)
τεκ·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-GIVE-ed-BIRTH
υἱούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·ους
(mas) acc pl
sons
Ru 1:12
Revertimini, filiæ meæ, et abite : jam enim senectute confecta sum, nec apta vinculo conjugali : etiamsi possem hac nocte concipere, et parere filios,
13μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
προσδέξεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·δέχομαι (προσ+δεχ-, προσ+δεξ-, προσ+δεξ-, -, -, προσ+δεχ·θ-)
προσ·δεχ·σεσθε
fut mp ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-be-ACCEPT-ed
receive favourably, accept
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
ἁδρυνθῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
κατασχεθήσεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·έχω (κατ+εχ-, καθ+εξ-, 2nd κατα+σχ-, -, -, κατα+σχε·θ-)
κατα·σχε·θησεσθε
fut θη ind 2nd pl
you(pl)-will-be-HOLD FAST-ed
seize, hold fast, hold back, restrain, bridle, possess, occupy, gain possession of, be master of Lit: hold-down
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
γενέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
γεν·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ἀνδρί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ, voc. sg. ἄνερ
ανδρ·ι
(mas) dat sg
man
(as distinct from woman, beast, god, etc); sometimes "husband".
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δή [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
θυγατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
daughters
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐπικράνθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πικραίνω (πικραιν-, πικραν(ε)·[σ]-, πικραν·[σ]-, -, -, πικραν·θ-)
ε·πικραν·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-MAKE-ed-BITTER
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ὑμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
υμας
acc pl
you(pl)
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐξῆλθεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐξ·έρχομαι (εξ+ερχ-, εξ+ελευ·σ-, εξ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εξ+ελθ-, εξ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εξ·ε·ελθ·[σ]ε(ν), εξ·ε·ελθ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-COME-ed-OUT
[exit]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
me; my/mine
;
χεὶρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ
(fem) nom|voc sg
hand
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
Ru 1:13
si eos expectare velitis donec crescant, et annos pubertatis impleant, ante eritis vetulæ quam nubatis. Nolite, quæso, filiæ meæ : quia vestra angustia magis me premit, et egressa est manus Domini contra me.
14καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπῆραν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·ε·αρ·[σ]αν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-RAISE/LIFT-UP-ed
Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
φωνὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ
φων·ην
(fem) acc sg
sound/voice
cries
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἔκλαυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κλαίω (κλαι-, κλαυ·σ-, κλαυ·σ-, -, -, κλαυσ·θ-)
ε·κλαυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-WEEP-ed
(aloud).
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατεφίλησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·φιλέω (κατα+φιλ(ε)-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, κατα+φιλη·σ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·φιλη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-KISS-ed
caress.
Ορφα τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
πενθερὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

πενθερά, -ᾶς, ἡ
πενθερ·αν
(fem) acc sg
mother-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπέστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TURN-AROUND-ed
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἠκολούθησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀκολουθέω (ακολουθ(ε)-, ακολουθη·σ-, ακολουθη·σ-, ηκολουθη·κ-, -, -)
ε·ακολουθη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-FOLLOW-ed
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
Ru 1:14
Elevata igitur voce, rursum flere cœperunt : Orpha osculata est socrum, ac reversa est ; Ruth adhæsit socrui suæ :
15καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
Νωεμιν πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
ἰδοὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ου
2aor mp imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-SEE/BEHOLD-ed!
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
ἀνέστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀνα·στρέφω (ανα+στρεφ-, ανα+στρεψ-, ανα+στρεψ-, -, αν+εστραφ-, ανα+στραφ·[θ]-)
ανα·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GO-ed-ABOUT/RETURN
[conduct oneself; turn over]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
σύννυμφός σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
λαὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ον
(mas) acc sg
people
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ους
mas acc pl
the
θεοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ους
(mas) acc pl
gods
[see theology]
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ἐπιστράφητι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στραφ·[θ]ητι > irreg. επιστραφητι (for επιστραφηθι)
aor θη imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-TURN-AROUND-ed!
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
ὀπίσω [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὀπίσω
οπισω
indecl
after/behind
[τὰ ὀπίσω, the rear]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
συννύμφου σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
Ru 1:15
cui dixit Noëmi : En reversa est cognata tua ad populum suum, et ad deos suos, vade cum ea.
16εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἀπαντήσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·αντάω (απ+αντ(α)-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+αντη·σ-, απ+ηντη·κ-, -, -)
απ·αντη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-ENCOUNTER, be-you(sg)-ENCOUNTER-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-ENCOUNTER
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
me; my/mine
;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
καταλιπεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·λείπω (κατα+λειπ-, κατα+λειψ-, κατα+λειψ- or 2nd κατα+λιπ-, κατα+λελοιπ·[κ]-, κατα+λελειπ-, κατα+λειφ·θ-)
κατα·λιπ·ειν
2aor act inf
to-LEAVE-BEHIND
Lit:leave-down, hence leave-behind, forsake, abandon
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
ἀποστρέψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·στρεφ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-TURN-AWAY, be-you(sg)-TURN-AWAY-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-TURN-AWAY
Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
ὄπισθέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὄπισ·θεν
οπισθεν
indecl
from-behind
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
σὺ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς
συ
nom sg
you(sg)
ὅπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὅπου
οπου
indecl
where
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
πορευθῇς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·θῃς
aor θη sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-should-be-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
πορεύσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·σομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
αὐλισθῇς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αὐλίζομαι (αυλιζ-, -, -, -, -, αυλισ·θ-)
αυλισ·θῃς
aor θη sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-should-be-SPEND-ed-THE-NIGHT
αὐλισθήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αὐλίζομαι (αυλιζ-, -, -, -, -, αυλισ·θ-)
αυλισ·θησομαι
fut θη ind 1st sg
I-will-be-SPEND-ed-THE-NIGHT
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
λαός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
λαός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ος
(mas) nom sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
θεός [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θεός, -οῦ, ὁ
θε·ος
(mas) nom sg
god
[see theology]
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
Ru 1:16
Quæ respondit : Ne adverseris mihi ut relinquam te et abeam : quocumque enim perrexeris, pergam, et ubi morata fueris, et ego pariter morabor. Populus tuus populus meus, et Deus tuus Deus meus.
17καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
ἐὰν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἐάν (εἰ ἄν)
εαν
indecl
if-ever
"ἐὰν μή" (Lit:if-ever not) means "except", "unless"
ἀποθάνῃς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν·ῃς
2aor act sub 2nd sg
you(sg)-should-DIE
ἀποθανοῦμαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·θνῄσκω (απο+θνῃσκ-, απο+θαν(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd απο+θαν-, -, -, -)
απο·θαν(ε)·[σ]ομαι
fut mp ind 1st sg
I-will-be-DIE-ed
κἀκεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Crasis (Adverb)

κἀκεῖ (καὶ ἐκεῖ)
και εκει
indecl
and/also there
ταφήσομαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θάπτω (θαπτ-, θαψ-, θαψ-, -, τεθαπτ-, ταφ·[θ]-)
ταφ·[θ]ησομαι
fut θη ind 1st sg
I-will-be-BURY-ed
τάδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·α·δε
neu nom|acc pl
these
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
ποιήσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ποιέω (ποι(ε)-, ποιη·σ-, ποιη·σ-, πεποιη·κ-, πεποιη-, ποιη·θ-)
ποιη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DO/MAKE, be-you(sg)-DO/MAKE-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DO/MAKE
μοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μοι
dat sg
me
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
τάδε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

ὅ·δε ἥ·δε τό·δε
τ·α·δε
neu nom|acc pl
these
demonstrative pronoun ὁ, ἡ, τό added to the enclitic "δε", and declined like the pronoun according to case = "this", "thus", "such-and-such", etc.
προσθείη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θ(ε)·ιη
2aor act opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happens-to-ADD
Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
θάνατος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θάνατος, -ου, ὁ
θανατ·ος
(mas) nom sg
death
διαστελεῖ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·στέλλω (δια+στελλ-, δια+στελ(ε)·[σ]-, δια+στειλ·[σ]-, -, δι+εσταλ-, δια+σταλ·[θ]-)
δια·στελ(ε)·[σ]ει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-ORDER/SEPARATE, you(sg)-will-be-ORDER/SEPARATE-ed
[charge, command, order in NT]. [separate, divide, distinguish most common in LXX].
ἀνὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀνά
ανα
indecl
up/each/by (+acc)
μέσον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέσος -η -ον
μεσ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
middle
ἐμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμου; εμ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
me; my/mine
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
σοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
Ru 1:17
Quæ te terra morientem susceperit, in ea moriar : ibique locum accipiam sepulturæ. Hæc mihi faciat Dominus, et hæc addat, si non sola mors me et te separaverit.
18ἰδοῦσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ὁράω a.k.a. εἶδον (ορ(α)-, οψ-, οψ-/ιδ·[σ]- or 2nd ιδ-, εορα·κ-/εωρα·κ-, εορα-/εωρα-/ωφ-, ορα·θ-/οφ·θ-)
ιδ·ουσ·α
2aor act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
upon SEE/BEHOLD-ing
Often fig: discern/perceive/experience/notice/attend-to and usually rendered "behold" when aorist-imperative. Distinct from "οἶδα" (G1492, know-by-seeing), "βλεπω" (see/look-at). Mt13:17 uses both.
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
Νωεμιν ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
κραταιοῦται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κραταιόω (κραται(ο)-, κραταιω·σ-, κραταιω·σ-, -, κεκραταιω-, κραταιω·θ-)
κραται(ο)·εται
pres mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-being-BECOME STRONG-ed
αὐτὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·η
fem nom sg
she/it/same
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
πορεύεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
μετ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

μετά
μετ’
indecl
after/against(+acc), with(+gen)
Truncated before vowels: μετ’ (smooth breathing), μεθ’ (rough breathing).
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ἐκόπασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κοπάζω (-, κοπα·σ-, κοπα·σ-, κεκοπα·κ-, -, -)
ε·κοπα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-ABATE-ed
[grow weary; toil, subside]
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
λαλῆσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαλέω (λαλ(ε)-, λαλη·σ-, λαλη·σ-, λελαλη·κ-, λελαλη-, λαλη·θ-)
λαλη·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-SPEAK, be-you(sg)-SPEAK-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-SPEAK
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ην
fem acc sg
her/it/same
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
Ru 1:18
¶Videns ergo Noëmi quod obstinato animo Ruth decrevisset secum pergere, adversari noluit, nec ad suos ultra reditum persuadere :
19ἐπορεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
ἀμφότεραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

ἀμφότεροι -αι -α
αμφοτερ·αι
fem nom|voc pl
both
ἕως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction; Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἕως[1]; ἕως[2], -ω, ἡ [LXX], acc.
εως; ε(ω)·ος, ε(ω)·ους
indecl; (fem) nom|voc sg, (fem) acc pl
until; dawn, dawns
;
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
παραγενέσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·γίνομαι (παρα+γιν-, παρα+γενη·σ-, 2nd παρα+γεν-, παρα+γεγον·[κ]-, -, παρα+γενη·θ-)
παρα·γεν·εσθαι
2aor mp inf
to-be-BECOME-PRESENT-ed
Lit:"become-close-beside", hence, appear/arrive, show-up, turn-up.
αὐτὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ας
fem acc pl
them/same
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Βαιθλεεμ καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἤχησεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἠχέω (ηχ(ε)-, ηχη·σ-, ηχη·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·ηχη·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-RESOUND-ed
[see echo]
πᾶσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·α
fem nom|voc sg
each, every
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
πόλις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ
πολ(ι)·ς
(fem) nom sg
city
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
αὐταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·αις
fem dat pl
them/same
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ειπ·[σ]ον, ε·ειπ·ον, ειπ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
1aor act imp 2nd sg, 2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl, 2aor act ptcp mas voc sg or 2aor act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
do-SAY/TELL-you(sg)!, I-SAY/TELL-ed, they-SAY/TELL-ed, upon SAY/TELL-ing
speak, tell, recount
αὕτη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Determiner (Demonstrative)

οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο
[τ]αυτ·η
fem nom sg
this
When combined, "τοῦτ’ ἔστιν" means "that is"(i.e., in-other-words).
ἐστὶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
Νωεμιν
Ru 1:19
profectæque sunt simul, et venerunt in Bethlehem. Quibus urbem ingressis, velox apud cunctos fama percrebruit : dicebantque mulieres : Hæc est illa Noëmi.
20καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εἶπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ε(ν), ε·ειπ·ε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg, 2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
αὐτάς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ας
fem acc pl
them/same
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δή
δη
indecl
indeed
καλεῖτέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-CALL-ing, be-you(pl)-CALL-ing!
summon/invite
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
Νωεμιν καλέσατέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλε·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-CALL-you(pl)!
summon/invite
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
Πικράν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

πικρός -ά -όν
πικρ·αν
fem acc sg
bitter
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἐπικράνθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πικραίνω (πικραιν-, πικραν(ε)·[σ]-, πικραν·[σ]-, -, -, πικραν·θ-)
ε·πικραν·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-MAKE-ed-BITTER
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἐμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person); Determiner (Possessive)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς; ἐμός -ή -όν
εμοι; εμ·οι
dat sg; mas nom|voc pl
me; my/mine
;
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἱκανὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱκανός -ή -όν
ικαν·ος
mas nom sg
ample/enough
[sizeable, considerable, significant, worthy, important]
σφόδρα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

σφόδρα
σφοδρα
indecl
exceedingly
/intensely/very/vehemently, keenly, inveighingly, eagerly
Ru 1:20
Quibus ait : Ne vocetis me Noëmi (id est, pulchram), sed vocate me Mara (id est, amaram), quia amaritudine valde replevit me Omnipotens.
21ἐγὼ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
εγω
nom sg
I
πλήρης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

πλήρης -ες
πληρ(ε)·^ς
mas nom sg or fem nom sg
full
ἐπορεύθην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θην
aor θη ind 1st sg
I-was-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κενὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

κενός -ή -όν
κεν·ην
fem acc sg
empty/devoid
fruitless, destitute, vain
ἀπέστρεψέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·στρέφω (απο+στρεφ-, απο+στρεψ-, απο+στρεψ-, απ+εστροφ·[κ]-, απ+εστραφ-, απο+στραφ·[θ]-)
απο·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TURN-AWAY-ed
Lit:"turn-from", hence turn-from/back/away. turn-away/back-from, return
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἵνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ἵνα
ινα
indecl
in-order-that
/so-that. Often shortened to "that" (can be confusing). Also as-a-cause-of/because-of/as-per (some action/situation/condition). "ἵνα ἀναγνῶ ἐτιμήθην": "I was honoured because I read, Anon". ap. A.D.Synt.266.5, cf. Conj.243.2
τί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (Interrogative)

τί[ν]ς[1] τί[ν], gen. τίνος, dat. τίνι, acc. τίνα τί
τι[ν]
neu nom|acc sg
who
interrogative pronoun: who? what? why? etc.
καλεῖτέ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ(ε)·ετε
pres act ind 2nd pl or pres act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-CALL-ing, be-you(pl)-CALL-ing!
summon/invite
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
ἐταπείνωσέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ταπεινόω (ταπειν(ο)-, ταπεινω·σ-, ταπεινω·σ-, -, τεταπεινω-, ταπεινω·θ-)
ε·ταπεινω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-HUMBLE-ed
Lit:"make-low", hence humble
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
ἱκανὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἱκανός -ή -όν
ικαν·ος
mas nom sg
ample/enough
[sizeable, considerable, significant, worthy, important]
ἐκάκωσέν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κακόω (κακ(ο)-, κακω·σ-, κακω·σ-, κεκακω·κ-, κεκακω-, κακω·θ-)
ε·κακω·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-BADLY-AFFECT-ed
Lit:"badly-affect", hence mistreat/oppress/harm/afflict/trouble/hurt
με [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
με
acc sg
me
Ru 1:21
Egressa sum plena, et vacuam reduxit me Dominus. Cur ergo vocatis me Noëmi, quam Dominus humiliavit, et afflixit Omnipotens ?
22καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐπέστρεψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·στρεφ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-TURN-AROUND-ed
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
Νωεμιν καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
Ρουθ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Ῥούθ, ἡ
ρουθ
(fem) indecl
Ruth
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
Μωαβῖτις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
νύμφη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

νύμφη, -ης, ἡ
νυμφ·η
(fem) nom|voc sg
bride/daughter-in-law
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ἐπιστρέφουσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·στρέφω (επι+στρεφ-, επι+στρεψ-, επι+στρεψ-, -, -, επι+στραφ·[θ]-)
επι·στρεφ·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while TURN-AROUND-ing
Lit:"turn-upon", hence turn-around, return.
ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἀγροῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ου
(mas) gen sg
field
ἔχομεν
Μωαβ αὐταὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·αι
fem nom pl
they/same
δὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

δέ
δε
indecl
but, yet
[postpositive particle; adversative (but), continuitive (and, now, also), contrastive (yet); in constructions with μέν... δέ (on the one hand... but...)]
παρεγενήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρα·γίνομαι (παρα+γιν-, παρα+γενη·σ-, 2nd παρα+γεν-, παρα+γεγον·[κ]-, -, παρα+γενη·θ-)
παρα·ε·γενη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-BECOME-PRESENT-ed
Lit:"become-close-beside", hence, appear/arrive, show-up, turn-up.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
Βαιθλεεμ ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἀρχῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ; ἄρχω (αρχ-, αρξ-, αρξ-, -, ηρχ-, -)
αρχ·ῃ; αρχ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg; pres mp ind 2nd sg or pres act sub 3rd sg or pres mp sub 2nd sg
beginning; you(sg)-are-being-BEGIN/RULE-ed, he/she/it-should-be-BEGIN/RULE-ing, you(sg)-should-be-being-BEGIN/RULE-ed
; Lit:"head/chief", hence rule or begin (depending upon context).
θερισμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θερισμός, -οῦ, ὁ
θερισμ·ου
(mas) gen sg
harvest
κριθῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κριθή, -ῆς, ἡ
κριθ·ων
(fem) gen pl
barley
Ru 1:22
Venit ergo Noëmi cum Ruth Moabitide nuru sua, de terra peregrinationis suæ : ac reversa est in Bethlehem, quando primum hordea metebantur.
» Ch 2

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