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Θρῆνοι

Lamentationes

 CATSS LXX Wiki Latin Translation‎ / Vulgata Clementina
1πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
ἀμαυρωθήσεται χρυσίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

χρυσίον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of χρυσός)
χρυσι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
piece of gold
ἀλλοιωθήσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀλλοιόω [LXX] (αλλοι(ο)-, αλλοιω·σ-, αλλοιω·σ-, -, ηλλοιω-, αλλοιω·θ-)
αλλοιω·θησεται
fut θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-ALTER-ed
change, make different
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀργύριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀργύριον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of ἄργυρος)
αργυρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
silver
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀγαθόν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἀγαθός -ή -όν (cf. καλός)
αγαθ·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
good
/inherently-good, i.e. God-wrought.. Distinct from "καλός" (beautiful-good).
ἐξεχύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·χέω/-χύν(ν)ω (εκ+χε-/εκ+χυνν-/εκ+χυν-, εκ+χε(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+χε·[σ]-, εκ+κεχυ·κ-, εκ+κεχυ-, εκ+χυ·θ-)
εκ·ε·χυ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-POUR-OUT-ed
spill,shed
λίθοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
stones
ἅγιοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἅγιος -α -ον (cf. ὅσιος and ἱερός)
αγι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
holy
[dedicated, divine, pure]
ἐπ’ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επ’
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
ἀρχῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ
αρχ·ης
(fem) gen sg
beginning
πασῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
πασ·ων
fem gen pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
ἐξόδων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·ων
(fem) gen pl
exoduses
Lam 4:1
Aleph. Quomodo obscuratum est aurum,
mutatus est color optimus !
dispersi sunt lapides sanctuarii
in capite omnium platearum !
2υἱοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

υἱός, -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. υἱοί
υι·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
sons
Σιων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Σιών, ἡ
σιων
(fem) indecl
Zion
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
τίμιοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

τίμιος -α -ον
τιμι·οι
mas nom|voc pl
precious
dear
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἐπηρμένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπ·αίρω (επ+αιρ-, -, επ+αρ·[σ]-, -, επ+ηρ-, επ+αρ·θ-)
επ·ηρ·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having-been-RAISE/LIFT-UP-ed
Lit:"lift/raise-upon", hence raise/lift-up.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
χρυσίῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

χρυσίον, -ου, τό (Dimin. of χρυσός)
χρυσι·ῳ
(neu) dat sg
piece of gold
πῶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

πῶς[1]
πως
indecl
how
ἐλογίσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λογίζομαι (λογιζ-, λογι(ε)·[σ]-, λογι·σ-, -, λελογισ-, λογισ·θ-)
ε·λογισ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-RECKON-ed
/credit/account/regard/consider/impute,number,compute,reason,use-logic, as in devise/plot.
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀγγεῖα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἀγγεῖον, -ου, τό
αγγει·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
containers
(vessel, flask)
ὀστράκινα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ὀστράκινος -η -ον
οστρακιν·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl
clay
ἔργα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ἔργον, -ου, τό
εργ·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
works
χειρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.); Adjective (3-3-3)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν; χείρων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος Comp. of κακός
χειρ·ων; χειρον·^
(fem) gen pl; mas nom sg or fem nom sg
hands; worse
;
κεραμέως [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

κεραμεύς, -έως, ὁ
κεραμ(ευ)·ος
(mas) gen sg
potter
Lam 4:2
Beth. Filii Sion inclyti,
et amicti auro primo :
quomodo reputati sunt in vasa testea,
opus manuum figuli !
3καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
δράκοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

δράκων[τ], -ο[υ]ντος, ὁ, dat. pl. δράκουσιν
δρακο[υ]ντ·ες
(mas) nom|voc pl
dragons/serpents
ἐξέδυσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·δύω/-δύνω (εκ+δυν-, εκ+δυ·σ-, εκ+δυ·σ-, -, -, -)
εκ·ε·δυ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-TAKE-ed-OFF
[ex: stripped (me) of (my cloak) Od.14.341]
μαστούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

μαστός, -οῦ, ὁ
μαστ·ους
(mas) acc pl
breasts
ἐθήλασαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θηλάζω (θηλαζ-, θηλα·σ-, θηλα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·θηλα·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-SUCKLE-ed
nurse, suck
σκύμνοι αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
θυγατέρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
daughters
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἀνίατον ὡς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ὡς
ως
indecl
as/like
στρουθίον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

στρουθίον, -ου, τό
στρουθι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
sparrow
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
Lam 4:3
Ghimel. Sed et lamiæ nudaverunt mammam,
lactaverunt catulos suos :
filia populi mei crudelis
quasi struthio in deserto.
4ἐκολλήθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κολλάω (κολλ(α)-, -, κολλη·σ-, κεκολλη·κ-, κεκολλη-, κολλη·θ-)
ε·κολλη·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-JOIN/STICK-ed-TO
[glue, cement, unite]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
γλῶσσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γλῶσσα/γλῶττα, -ης, ἡ
γλωσσ·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
tongue
by metonymy, a language
θηλάζοντος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θηλάζω (θηλαζ-, θηλα·σ-, θηλα·σ-, -, -, -)
θηλαζ·ο[υ]ντ·ος
pres act ptcp mas gen sg or pres act ptcp neu gen sg
while SUCKLE-ing
nurse, suck
πρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

πρός
προς
indecl
toward (+acc,+gen,+dat)
Indicative of "nearness/motion/orientation-toward" in-order-to "interface/interact-with or address/respond-to". Hence, toward/at/to/with/nearby/beside, pertaining/according-to, in-comparison-with, against(when interaction involves oppo
τὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ον
mas acc sg
the
φάρυγγα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

φάρυγξ, -γγος, ὁ [LXX]
φαρυγγ·α
(mas) acc sg
pharynx/throat
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
δίψει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

δίψο·ς, -ους, τό
διψ(ε)·ι
(neu) dat sg
thirst
νήπια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

νήπιος -ία -ον
νηπι·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
infant
ᾔτησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

αἰτέω (αιτ(ε)-, αιτη·σ-, αιτη·σ-, ῃτη·κ-, ῃτη-, αιτη·θ-)
ε·αιτη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-ASK-ed
ἄρτον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄρτος, -ου, ὁ
αρτ·ον
(mas) acc sg
bread
(uncertain origin, possibly from "αιρο","to-lift" )
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
διακλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δια·κλάω [LXX] (δια+κλ(α)-, -, -, -, -, -)
δια·κλ(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ], δια·κλ(α)·ο[υ]ν[τ]·^
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg, pres act ptcp mas nom sg
while ???-ing
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
Lam 4:4
Daleth. Adhæsit lingua lactentis
ad palatum ejus in siti ;
parvuli petierunt panem,
et non erat qui frangeret eis.
5οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ἔσθοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐσθίω, ἔσθω (εσθι-/εσθ-, εδ·[σ]-/φαγ·[σ]-, φαγ·[σ]- or 2nd φαγ-, -, -, -)
εσθ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while EAT/DEVOUR-ing
τὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ας
fem acc pl
the
τρυφὰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

τρυφή, -ῆς, ἡ
τρυφ·ας
(fem) acc pl
indulgences
ἠφανίσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀ·φανίζω (αφανιζ-, αφανι(ε)·[σ]-/αφανι·σ-, αφανι·σ-, -, ηφανισ-, αφανισ·θ-)
ε·αφανισ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-DISAPPEAR/BLOT-ed-OUT
[remove from sight/notice/existence; obscure]
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἐξόδοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·οις
(fem) dat pl
exoduses
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
τιθηνούμενοι ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
κόκκων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

κόκκος, -ου, ὁ
κοκκ·ων
(mas) gen pl
grains
'berry' (κοκκινος) of kermes oak, used to dye scarlet
περιεβάλοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

περι·βάλλω (περι+βαλλ-, περι+βαλ(ε)·[σ]-, 2nd περι+βαλ-, -, περι+βεβλη-, περι+βλη·θ-)
περι·ε·βαλ·οντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-ADORN-ed-WITH
[throw around]
κοπρίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

κοπρία, -ας ἡ
κοπρι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
manure pile, manure piles
Lam 4:5
He. Qui vescebantur voluptuose,
interierunt in viis ;
qui nutriebantur in croceis,
amplexati sunt stercora.
6καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐμεγαλύνθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεγαλύνω (μεγαλυν-, -, μεγαλυν·[σ]-, -, μεμεγαλυν-, μεγαλυν·θ-)
ε·μεγαλυν·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-MAGNIFY/LAUD-ed
ἀνομία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·νομία, -ας, ἡ
ανομι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
lawlessness
Lit:"without-law"
θυγατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
daughter
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἀνομίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·νομία, -ας, ἡ
ανομι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
lawlessness, lawless deeds
Lit:"without-law"
Σοδομων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

Σόδομα, -ων, τά
σοδομ·ων
(neu) gen pl
Sodom
[city of]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
κατεστραμμένης [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατα·στρέφω (κατα+στρεφ-, κατα+στρεψ-, κατα+στρεψ-, -, κατ+εστραφ-, κατα+στραφ·[θ]-)
κατ·εστραφ·μεν·ης
perf mp ptcp fem gen sg
having-been-TURN-ed-OVER/PLOW
[to over-throw as soil, or tables see Matt 21:12, Mark 15; topple]
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just-as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
σπουδῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σπουδή, -ῆς, ἡ
σπουδ·ῃ
(fem) dat sg
diligence/haste
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐπόνεσαν ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αὐτῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ῃ
fem dat sg
her/it/same
χεῖρας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ας
(fem) acc pl
hands
Lam 4:6
Vau. Et major effecta est iniquitas filiæ populi mei
peccato Sodomorum,
quæ subversa est in momento,
et non ceperunt in ea manus.
7ἐκαθαριώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καθαριόω [LXX] (-, -, -, -, -, καθαριω·θ-)
ε·καθαριω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-???-ed
ναζιραῖοι αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
χιόνα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

χιών, -όνος, ἡ
χιον·α
(fem) acc sg
snow
ἔλαμψαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λάμπω (λαμπ-, λαμψ-, λαμψ-, -, -, -)
ε·λαμπ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-RADIANT-ed
flash, brilliant, sparkling, glistening, glorious
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
γάλα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γάλα[κτ], -ακτος, τό
γαλα[κτ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
milk
ἐπυρρώθησαν ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
λίθους [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ
λιθ·ους
(mas) acc pl
stones
σαπφείρου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

σάπφιρος v.l.σαπφειρ·ου
(fem) gen sg
sapphire
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ἀπόσπασμα αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
Lam 4:7
Zain. Candidiores Nazaræi ejus nive,
nitidiores lacte,
rubicundiores ebore antiquo,
sapphiro pulchriores.
8ἐσκότασεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σκοτάζω [LXX] (-, σκοτα·σ-, σκοτα·σ-, -, -, -)
ε·σκοτα·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-GROW-ed-DARK
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἀσβόλην τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
εἶδος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.); Verb

εἶδο·ς, -ους, τό; οἶδα (ath. ιδ-/ath. ειδ(ε)-/ath. ειδ-, ειδη·σ-/ει[δ]·σ-, ειδη·σ-, οιδ·[κ]-/ειδ·[κ]-, -, -)
ειδ(ο)·ς; ειδ·[κ]ο[τ]·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg; perf act ptcp mas voc sg or perf act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
appearance; having KNOWING-ed
; /perceive/be-aware-of/be-acquainted-with/notice. Often rendered "know" (by seeing/observing), in contrast to "γινώσκω" (know by thinking/reasoning/experiencing).
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐπεγνώσθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·γινώσκω (επι+γινωσκ-, επι+γνω·σ-, 2nd ath. επι+γν(ω)-/ath. επι+γν(ο)-, επ+εγνω·κ-, -, επι+γνωσ·θ-)
επι·ε·γνωσ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-RECOGNIZE-ed
Lit:"over/above-know-experientially", hence to fully/intimately-know/understand, have-insight/consciousness, ackowledge
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἐξόδοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·οις
(fem) dat pl
exoduses
ἐπάγη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πήγνυμι (-, πηξ-, πηξ-, πεπηγ·[κ]-, -, παγ·[θ]-)
ε·παγ·[θ]η
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-PITCH-ed
fasten
δέρμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

δέρμα[τ], -ατος, τό
δερμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
skin
[see dermatology]
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ὀστέα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ὀστέον and ὀστοῦν, -ου, τό
οστε·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
bones
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἐξηράνθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ξηραίνω (ξηραιν-, ξηραν(ε)·[σ]-, ξηραν·[σ]-, -, εξηραν-, ξηραν·θ-)
ε·ξηραν·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-WITHER-ed
(from adjective "ξηρός": dry, parched).
ἐγενήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
ὥσπερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ὥσ·περ
ωσπερ
indecl
just-as
Lit:"wholly/very/completely-as/like", hence "just-as", "just-like".
ξύλον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ξύλον, -ου, τό
ξυλ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
tree
, by extension, something wooden; piece of wood; wooden implement; club/gallows/stocks or, in NT, cross.
Lam 4:8
Heth. Denigrata est super carbones facies eorum
et non sunt cogniti in plateis ;
adhæsit cutis eorum ossibus :
aruit, et facta est quasi lignum.
9καλοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2); Verb

καλός -ή -όν (cf. ἀγαθός); καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλ·οι; καλ(ε)·οι
mas nom|voc pl; pres act opt 3rd sg
good/right/fitting; he/she/it-happens-to-be-CALL-ing
beautiful (literally), hence well, appropriate, right, good, comely (in contrast to "αγαθος" (inherently good, God-wrought-good).; summon/invite
ἦσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
ε·(ε[σ])·σαν
impf act ind 3rd pl
they-were
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
τραυματίαι ῥομφαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ῥομφαία, -ας, ἡ (cf. μάχαιρα)
ρομφαι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
sword, swords
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

ἤ[1]
η
indecl
or/than
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
τραυματίαι λιμοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 2nd Decl.)

λιμός, -οῦ, ὁ and
λιμ·ου
(mas) gen sg or (fem) gen sg
famine
hunger
ἐπορεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
ε·πορευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
ἐκκεκεντημένοι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·κεντέω (-, -, εκ+κεντη·σ-, -, εκ+κεκεντη-, -)
εκ·κεκεντη·μεν·οι
perf mp ptcp mas nom|voc pl
having-been-PRICK OUT-ed
stab with a sharp object, perforate, pierce
ἀπὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἀπό
απο
indecl
from
(G575) – starting from (coming from, since [the start of], in order from), away/out from (from among), sent by, removingly from, receptively from, resulting/produced from, or because of (due to). ἀπ’ before smooth breathing, ἀφ’ before rough breathing
γενημάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

γένημα[τ], -ατος, τό
γενηματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
fruits
fruit of
ἀγρῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἄγρα, -ας, ἡ; ἀγρός, -οῦ, ὁ
αγρ·ων; αγρ·ων
(fem) gen pl; (mas) gen pl
catches; fields
; ἔχομεν
Lam 4:9
Teth. Melius fuit occisis gladio
quam interfectis fame,
quoniam isti extabuerunt consumpti
a sterilitate terræ.
10χεῖρες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

χείρ, χειρός, ἡ, dat. pl. χερσίν
χειρ·ες
(fem) nom|voc pl
hands
γυναικῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl., irreg.)

γυνή, -αικος, ἡ, voc. sg. γύναι
γυναικ·ων
(fem) gen pl
women/wives
οἰκτιρμόνων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (3-3-3)

οἰκτίρμων -ον, gen. sg. -ονος
οικτιρμον·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
compassionate/pitying
ἥψησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἕψω [LXX] (εψ-, εψη·σ-, εψη·σ-, -, ηψη-, εψη·θ-)
ε·εψη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-BOIL-ed
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
παιδία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

παιδίον, -ου, τό, voc. sg. παιδίον, voc. pl. παιδίονα (Dimin. of παῖς; see also παιδάριον)
παιδι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
children
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
ἐγενήθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γενη·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
βρῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

βρῶσις, -εως, ἡ
βρωσ(ι)·ν
(fem) acc sg
food
(meal, food, meat)
αὐταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·αις
fem dat pl
them/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
συντρίμματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

σύν·τριμμα[τ], -ατος, τό
συντριμματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
wound
[fracture/abrasion]
τῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ης
fem gen sg
the
θυγατρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατ[ε]ρ·ος
(fem) gen sg
daughter
λαοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

λαός, -οῦ, ὁ
λα·ου
(mas) gen sg
people
μου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
μου
gen sg
me
Lam 4:10
Jod. Manus mulierum misericordium
coxerunt filios suos ;
facti sunt cibus earum
in contritione filiæ populi mei.
11συνετέλεσεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συν·τελέω (συν+τελ(ε)-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τελε·σ-, συν+τετελε·κ-, συν+τετελεσ-, συν+τελεσ·θ-)
συν·ε·τελε·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-FINISH/COMPLETE-ed
Lit:"complete/perfect-together-with", hence finish/thoroughly-complete.
κύριος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ος; κυρι·ος
(mas) nom sg; mas nom sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
θυμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θυμός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὀργή)
θυμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
inclination/passion
[any strong emotion or passion/desire, an inclination thereof. Almost always of anger]
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ἐξέχεεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·χέω/-χύν(ν)ω (εκ+χε-/εκ+χυνν-/εκ+χυν-, εκ+χε(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+χε·[σ]-, εκ+κεχυ·κ-, εκ+κεχυ-, εκ+χυ·θ-)
εκ·ε·χε·ε(ν), εκ·ε·χε·[σ]ε(ν)
impf act ind 3rd sg, 1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-POUR-OUT-ing, he/she/it-POUR-OUT-ed
spill,shed
θυμὸν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

θυμός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. ὀργή)
θυμ·ον
(mas) acc sg
inclination/passion
[any strong emotion or passion/desire, an inclination thereof. Almost always of anger]
ὀργῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ὀργή, -ῆς, ἡ (cf. θυμός)
οργ·ης
(fem) gen sg
wrath/anger
natural impulse, always of anger
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀνῆψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·άπτω (αν+απτ-, αν+αψ-, αν+αψ-, -, -, αν+αφ·θ-)
αν·ε·απτ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-KINDLE-ed
set-ablaze
πῦρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πῦρ, -ρός, τό
πυρ
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
fire
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
Σιων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Σιών, ἡ
σιων
(fem) indecl
Zion
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
κατέφαγεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·εσθίω (κατ+εσθι-/κατ+εσθ-, κατ+εδ·[σ]-/κατα+φαγ·[σ]-, 2nd κατα+φαγ-, -, -, -)
κατα·ε·φαγ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-CONSUME-ed
[be eaten away, eat away, devour]
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
θεμέλια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl. and Neu. 2nd Decl.)

θεμέλιος, -ου, ὁ and -λιον, -ου, τό
θεμελι·α
(neu) nom|acc|voc pl
foundations
establishing, base, substructure; founding
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
Lam 4:11
Caph. Complevit Dominus furorem suum,
effudit iram indignationis suæ :
et succendit ignem in Sion,
et devoravit fundamenta ejus.
12οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἐπίστευσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πιστεύω (πιστευ-, πιστευ·σ-, πιστευ·σ-, πεπιστευ·κ-, πεπιστευ-, πιστευ·θ-)
ε·πιστευ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-BELIEVE/TRUST-ed
be-persuaded/accept [toward] (heed [to], believe); give management (entrust). PASS. to be entrusted with
βασιλεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ
βασιλ(ευ)·ες, βασιλ(ευ)·ας
(mas) nom|voc pl, (mas) acc pl
kings
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
πάντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Quantifier (Indefinite Numeral)

πᾶ[ντ]ς πᾶσα πᾶν[τ], gen. sg. παντός πάσης παντός
παντ·ες
mas nom|voc pl
all
properly, each within some set, the set, implicitly defined by the local (sometimes following) context. Frequently (misleadingly) rendered by inclusive pronouns like "everyone" or "everything".
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
κατοικοῦντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·οικέω (κατ+οικ(ε)-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+ῳκη·κ-, -, κατ+οικη·θ-)
κατ·οικ(ε)·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while RESIDE/SETTLE-DOWN-ing
Lit:"down-dwell", hence reside/dwell-permanently, settle-down-thoroughly/pervasively and in full control, to be exactly at home (see Eph 3:17, Col 1:19, 2:9). Contrast with "παροικέω" (dwell-beside))
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
οἰκουμένην [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Verb

οἰκουμένη, -ης, ἡ; οἰκέω (οικ(ε)-, οικη·σ-, οικη·σ-, -, -, οικη·θ-)
οικουμεν·ην; οικ(ε)·ομεν·ην
(fem) acc sg; pres mp ptcp fem acc sg
inhabited-region; while being-DWELL-ed
From the fem-pres-pass-part. of "οἰκέω" (dwell), hence being-inhabited world/land/region. Often rendered "world", but distinct from "cosmos".;
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
εἰσελεύσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰσ·έρχομαι (εισ+ερχ-, εισ+ελευ·σ-, εισ+ελθ·[σ]- or 2nd εισ+ελθ-, εισ+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
εισ·ελευ·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-DANCE-ed
ἐχθρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

ἐχθρός -ά -όν
εχθρ·ος
mas nom sg
hostile
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἐκθλίβων διὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

διά
δια
indecl
because of (+acc), through (+gen)
δι’ before vowels. "through/by-means-of" (+gen). The use of this "through" can carry a sense of "because of" (+acc)
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
πυλῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

πύλη, -ης, ἡ; πυλών, -ῶνος, ὁ (cf. πύλη)
πυλ·ων; πυλων
(fem) gen pl; (mas) nom|voc sg
gates; gate
;
Ιερουσαλημ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl. and Fem. 1st Decl. and Fem. Indecl.)

Ἱεροσόλυμα, -ων, τά and -ας, ἡ and Ἰερουσαλήμ v.l. Ἱ-, ἡ indecl.
ιερουσαλημ
(fem) indecl
Jerusalem
[city of]
Lam 4:12
Lamed. Non crediderunt reges terræ,
et universi habitatores orbis,
quoniam ingrederetur hostis et inimicus
per portas Jerusalem.
13ἐξ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐκ
εξ
indecl
out of (+gen)
ἐξ before vowels
ἁμαρτιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἁ·μαρτία, -ίας, ἡ
αμαρτι·ων
(fem) gen pl
sins
Typical NT usage: "sin", also used to denote failure in a more generic fashion.
προφητῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

προφήτης, -ου, ὁ
προφητ·ων
(mas) gen pl
prophets
minister, and interpreter, one who expounds the will of God
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ἀδικιῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·δικία, -ας, ἡ
αδικι·ων
(fem) gen pl
wrongdoings
Lit:"unrighteousness/injustice".
ἱερέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱερεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιερ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
priests
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ἐκχεόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·χέω/-χύν(ν)ω (εκ+χε-/εκ+χυνν-/εκ+χυν-, εκ+χε(ε)·[σ]-, εκ+χε·[σ]-, εκ+κεχυ·κ-, εκ+κεχυ-, εκ+χυ·θ-)
εκ·χε·οντων, εκ·χε·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-POUR-OUT-ing!, while POUR-OUT-ing
spill,shed
αἷμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
blood
δίκαιον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

δίκαιος -αία -ον
δικαι·ον
neu nom|acc|voc sg or mas acc sg
righteous
/just/right, (by judicial implication) innocent.
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
μέσῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μέσος -η -ον
μεσ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
middle
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
Lam 4:13
Mem. Propter peccata prophetarum ejus,
et iniquitates sacerdotum ejus,
qui effuderunt in medio ejus
sanguinem justorum.
14ἐσαλεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σαλεύω (σαλευ-, σαλευ·σ-, σαλευ·σ-, -, σεσαλευ-, σαλευ·θ-)
ε·σαλευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-SHAKE-ed
(tremor)
ἐγρήγοροι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγείρω (εγειρ-, εγερ(ε)·[σ]-, εγειρ·[σ]-, εγρηγορ·[κ]-, εγηγερ-, εγερ·θ-)
εγρηγορ·[κ]οι
perf act opt 3rd sg
he/she/it-happened-to-have-RAISE-ed
erect
αὐτῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ης
fem gen sg
her/it/same
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
ἐξόδοις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 2nd Decl.)

ἔξ·οδος, -ου, ἡ
εξοδ·οις
(fem) dat pl
exoduses
ἐμολύνθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μολύνω (μολυν-, -, μολυν·[σ]-, -, μεμολυν-, μολυν·θ-)
ε·μολυν·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-DEFILE-ed
‘to besmear,’ or ‘besmirch,’ as with mud or filth, ‘to de-foul;'
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
αἵματι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

αἷμα[τ], -ατος, τό
αιματ·ι
(neu) dat sg
blood
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
δύνασθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δύνα·μαι (ath. δυν(α)-/ath. δυν(η)-, δυνη·σ-, -, -, -, δυνη·θ-/δυνασ·θ-)
δυν(α)·σθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-ABLE-ed
αὐτοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
ἥψαντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἅπτω (απτ-, αψ-, αψ-, -, ηπτ-, -)
ε·απτ·σαντο
1aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-GRASP/TOUCH-ed
[set fire, lay hands on]
ἐνδυμάτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔν·δυμα[τ], -ατος, τό
ενδυματ·ων
(neu) gen pl
vesture
clerical garment (especially one worn during a religious ceremony) garment, habiliment, habit, raiment
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
Lam 4:14
Nun. Erraverunt cæci in plateis,
polluti sunt in sanguine ;
cumque non possent,
tenuerunt lacinias suas.
15ἀπόστητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίστημι (ath. αφ+ιστ(α)-/ath. αφ+ιστ(η)-, απο+στη·σ-, απο+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. απο+στ(η)-/ath. απο+στ(α)-, αφ+εστη·κ-/αφ+εστα·κ-, -, απο+στα·θ-)
απο·στ(η)·τε, απο·στ(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
do-DISENGAGE-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-DISENGAGE
Lit: "stand-from", hence by extn, depart, disengage-from, meta:renounce.. Often passively rendered "fall away"( during tribulation, but more properly renounce (due to tribulation).
ἀκαθάρτων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἀ·κάθαρτος -ον
ακαθαρτ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
unclean
(impure)
καλέσατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

καλέω (καλ(ε)-, καλε·σ-, καλε·σ-, κεκλη·κ-, κεκλη-, κλη·θ-)
καλε·σατε
1aor act imp 2nd pl
do-CALL-you(pl)!
summon/invite
αὐτούς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ους
mas acc pl
them/same
ἀπόστητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίστημι (ath. αφ+ιστ(α)-/ath. αφ+ιστ(η)-, απο+στη·σ-, απο+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. απο+στ(η)-/ath. απο+στ(α)-, αφ+εστη·κ-/αφ+εστα·κ-, -, απο+στα·θ-)
απο·στ(η)·τε, απο·στ(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
do-DISENGAGE-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-DISENGAGE
Lit: "stand-from", hence by extn, depart, disengage-from, meta:renounce.. Often passively rendered "fall away"( during tribulation, but more properly renounce (due to tribulation).
ἀπόστητε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀφ·ίστημι (ath. αφ+ιστ(α)-/ath. αφ+ιστ(η)-, απο+στη·σ-, απο+στη·σ- or 2nd ath. απο+στ(η)-/ath. απο+στ(α)-, αφ+εστη·κ-/αφ+εστα·κ-, -, απο+στα·θ-)
απο·στ(η)·τε, απο·στ(η)·ητε
2aor act imp 2nd pl, 2aor act sub 2nd pl
do-DISENGAGE-you(pl)!, you(pl)-should-DISENGAGE
Lit: "stand-from", hence by extn, depart, disengage-from, meta:renounce.. Often passively rendered "fall away"( during tribulation, but more properly renounce (due to tribulation).
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
ἅπτεσθε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἅπτω (απτ-, αψ-, αψ-, -, ηπτ-, -)
απτ·εσθε
pres mp ind 2nd pl or pres mp imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-are-being-GRASP/TOUCH-ed, be-you(pl)-being-GRASP/TOUCH-ed!
[set fire, lay hands on]
ὅτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

ὅτι
οτι
indecl
because/that
ἀνήφθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀν·άπτω (αν+απτ-, αν+αψ-, αν+αψ-, -, -, αν+αφ·θ-)
αν·ε·αφ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-KINDLE-ed
set-ablaze
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
ἐσαλεύθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σαλεύω (σαλευ-, σαλευ·σ-, σαλευ·σ-, -, σεσαλευ-, σαλευ·θ-)
ε·σαλευ·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-SHAKE-ed
(tremor)
εἴπατε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]ατε, ειπ·[σ]ατε
1aor act ind 2nd pl, 1aor act imp 2nd pl
you(pl)-SAY/TELL-ed, do-SAY/TELL-you(pl)!
speak, tell, recount
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
προσθῶσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θ(ε)·ωσι(ν)
2aor act sub 3rd pl
they-should-ADD
Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
παροικεῖν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

παρ·οικέω (παρ+οικ(ε)-, παρ+οικη·σ-, παρ+οικη·σ-, παρ+ῳκη·κ-, -, -)
παρ·οικ(ε)·ειν
pres act inf
to-be-SOJOURN/DWELL BY-ing
Lit:"dwell-close-beside", hence sojourn/migrate, dwell-temporarily... in contrast with "κατοικέω" (down-dwell/settle).
Lam 4:15
Samech. Recedite polluti, clamaverunt eis ;
recedite, abite, nolite tangere :
jurgati quippe sunt, et commoti dixerunt inter gentes :
Non addet ultra ut habitet in eis.
16πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face
Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
μερὶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

μερί[δ]ς, -ίδος, ἡ
μερι[δ]·ς
(fem) nom sg
part
portion
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
προσθήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-ADD, you(sg)-will-be-ADD-ed
Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
ἐπιβλέψαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·βλέπω (επι+βλεπ-, επι+βλεψ-, επι+βλεψ-, -, -, -)
επι·βλεπ·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-LOOK-UPON, be-you(sg)-LOOK-UPON-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-LOOK-UPON
Lit:"look-upon/over", hence place-regard, examine-attentively, regard-with-favor
αὐτοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·οις
mas dat pl or neu dat pl
them/same
πρόσωπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
face
Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
ἱερέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 3rd Decl.)

ἱερεύς, -έως, ὁ
ιερ(ευ)·ων
(mas) gen pl
priests
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἔλαβον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λαμβάνω (λαμβαν-, λημψ-/ληψ-, λαβ·[σ]- or 2nd λαβ-, ειληφ·[κ]-, ειληβ-, λημφ·θ-/ληφ·θ-)
ε·λαβ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed, they-TAKE/RECEIVE-ed
grasp, clutch, cling-to, seize, lay-hands-upon, take by violence, carry off, of a deity, seize, possess, catch, find out, detect, overtake, understand
πρεσβύτας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 1st Decl.)

πρεσβύτης, -ου, ὁ
πρεσβυτ·ας
(mas) acc pl
old/aged men
, from "πρεσβύτερος" (elder).
οὐκ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ουκ
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
ἠλέησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐλεέω (cf. ἐλεάω) (ελε(ε)-, ελεη·σ-, ελεη·σ-, -, ηλεη-, ελεη·θ-)
ε·ελεη·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-MERCY-ed
Lam 4:16
Phe. Facies Domini divisit eos,
non addet ut respiciat eos ;
facies sacerdotum non erubuerunt,
neque senum miserti sunt.
17ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
ὄντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εἰμί[1] (ath. (εσ)-/(εσ)-, εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
(εσ)·οντων (in addition to (εσ)·[ν]των > εστων), (εσ)·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be!, while being
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
ἐξέλιπον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·λείπω (εκ+λειπ-, εκ+λειψ-, 2nd εκ+λιπ-, εκ+λελοιπ·[κ]-, εκ+λελειπ-, -)
εκ·ε·λιπ·ον
2aor act ind 1st sg or 2aor act ind 3rd pl
I-FAIL-ed, they-FAIL-ed
Lit:"leave-behind-from-out-of", hence fail/come-to-an-end, be wanting, desert, abandon, quit, left out)
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
ὀφθαλμοὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ὀφθαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ
οφθαλμ·οι
(mas) nom|voc pl
eyes
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
τὴν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ην
fem acc sg
the
βοήθειαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

βοήθεια, -ας, ἡ
βοηθει·αν
(fem) acc sg
help
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
μάταια [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μάταιος -αία -ον
μαται·α
neu nom|acc|voc pl or fem nom|voc sg
foolish/vain
[worthless, useless, achieving/profiting nothing]
ἀποσκοπευόντων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·σκοπεύω [LXX] (απο+σκοπευ-, απο+σκοπευ·σ-, απο+σκοπευ·σ-, -, -, -)
απο·σκοπευ·οντων, απο·σκοπευ·ο[υ]ντ·ων
pres act imp 3rd pl classical, pres act ptcp mas gen pl or pres act ptcp neu gen pl
let-them-be-EXAMINE-ing-FROM!, while EXAMINE-ing-FROM
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
ἀπεσκοπεύσαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·σκοπεύω [LXX] (απο+σκοπευ-, απο+σκοπευ·σ-, απο+σκοπευ·σ-, -, -, -)
απο·ε·σκοπευ·σαμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-EXAMINE-ed-FROM
εἰς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

εἰς[1]
εις
indecl
into (+acc)
ἔθνος [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ο)·ς
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
nation/culture/race
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
σῷζον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

σῴζω (σῳζ-, σω·σ-, σω·σ-, σεσω·κ-, σεσω-/σεσωσ-/σεσῳσ-, σω·θ-)
σῳζ·ο[υ]ν[τ]
pres act ptcp mas voc sg or pres act ptcp neu nom|acc|voc sg
while SAVE-ing
/deliver/rescue from ruin/destruction/harm. Also salve
Lam 4:17
Ain. Cum adhuc subsisteremus, defecerunt oculi nostri
ad auxilium nostrum vanum ;
cum respiceremus attenti ad gentem
quæ salvare non poterat.
18ἐθηρεύσαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

θηρεύω (θηρευ-, θηρευ·σ-, θηρευ·σ-, -, -, θηρευ·θ-)
ε·θηρευ·σαμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-HUNT-ed
μικροὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-1-2)

μικρός -ά -όν
μικρ·ους
mas acc pl
small
[see micro]
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
τοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ου
neu gen sg or mas gen sg
the
μὴ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

μή
μη
indecl
not
πορεύεσθαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πορεύω (πορευ-, πορευ·σ-, πορευ·σ-, -, πεπορευ-, πορευ·θ-)
πορευ·εσθαι
pres mp inf
to-be-being-GO-ed
go/depart/proceed/travel
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
πλατείαις [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.); Adjective (3-1-3)

πλατεῖα, -ας, ἡ; πλατύς -εῖα -ύ, gen. sg. -έος and -έως
πλατει·αις; πλατει·αις
(fem) dat pl; fem dat pl
broads; wide
wide; broad because goats do not keep close together in the herd as sheep do in the flock, Il. 2.274, Od. 14.101, 103.;
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
ἤγγικεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐγγίζω (εγγιζ-, εγγι(ε)·[σ]-, εγγι·σ-, ηγγι·κ-, -, -)
ηγγι·κε(ν)
perf act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-has-COME/APPROACH-NEAR-ed
(from 1451 "ἐγγύς":near), hence draw/approach-near, be-imminent/at-hand, nearby, come-nigh.
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
καιρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
period-of-time
/season
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
ἐπληρώθησαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πληρόω (πληρ(ο)-, πληρω·σ-, πληρω·σ-, πεπληρω·κ-, πεπληρω-, πληρω·θ-)
ε·πληρω·θησαν
aor θη ind 3rd pl
they-were-SEEK-ed
fill, make full or complete (hence, "fulfill").
αἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·αι
fem nom pl
the
ἡμέραι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἡμέρα, -ας -ἡ
ημερ·αι
(fem) nom|voc pl
days
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
πάρεστιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

πάρ·ειμι[1] fr. εἰμί[1] (ath. παρ+(εσ)-/παρ+(εσ)-, παρ+εσ·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
παρ·(εσ)·^σι(ν)
pres act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-is-BE-PRESENT/NEAR-ing
Lit:"be-close-beside", hence be-present/here/near/close-beside/at-hand, to-have-come/arrived. Root for "παρουσία"(arrival/coming/visitation/entrance).
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·ο[ς]
mas nom sg
the
καιρὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (cf. χρόνος)
καιρ·ος
(mas) nom sg
period-of-time
/season
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
Lam 4:18
Sade. Lubricaverunt vestigia nostra
in itinere platearum nostrarum ;
appropinquavit finis noster, completi sunt dies nostri,
quia venit finis noster.
19κοῦφοι ἐγένοντο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

γίνομαι/γίγν- (γιν-/γιγν-, γενη·σ-, 2nd γεν-, γεγον·[κ]-, γεγενη-, γενη·θ-)
ε·γεν·οντο
2aor mp ind 3rd pl
they-were-BECOME-ed
become; happen; sometimes left untranslated
οἱ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·οι
mas nom pl
the
διώκοντες [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

διώκω (διωκ-, διωξ-, διωξ-, -, δεδιωκ-, διωχ·θ-)
διωκ·ο[υ]ντ·ες
pres act ptcp mas nom|voc pl
while PROSECUTE/PURSUE-ing
prosecute: put on trial
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
ὑπὲρ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ὑπέρ
υπερ
indecl
above (+acc), on behalf of (+gen)
ἀετοὺς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

ἀετός, -οῦ, ὁ
αετ·ους
(mas) acc pl
eagles/vultures
"eagle" αετου for αγγελου: and that reading is embraced by Mill and Wetstein, and received into the text by Griesbach. [Parkhurst A Greek English Lexicon page 4 Rev 8:13
οὐρανοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. pl. οὐρανοί
ουραν·ου
(mas) gen sg
sky/heaven
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ων
neu gen pl or mas gen pl or fem gen pl
the
ὀρέων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ὄρο·ς, -ους, τό, gen. pl. ὀρέων (cf. βουνός)
ορ(ε)·ων > uncontr. ορεων (for ορων)
(neu) gen pl
mounts
ἐξήφθησαν ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ἐρήμῳ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adjective (2-2-2)

ἔρημος -ον
ερημ·ῳ
neu dat sg or mas dat sg or fem dat sg
deserted
,unpopulated/uncultivated hence solitary, wilderness
ἐνήδρευσαν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐν·εδρεύω (εν+εδρευ-, εν+εδρευ·σ-, εν+εδρευ·σ-, -, -, -)
εν·ε·εδρευ·σαν
1aor act ind 3rd pl
they-LIE-ed-IN-WAIT
ἡμᾶς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημας
acc pl
us
Lam 4:19
Coph. Velociores fuerunt persecutores nostri
aquilis cæli ;
super montes persecuti sunt nos,
in deserto insidiati sunt nobis.
20πνεῦμα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

πνεῦμα[τ], -ατος, τό
πνευμα[τ]
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
spirit
/breath/wind, spiritual-utterance
προσώπου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

πρόσ·ωπον, -ου, τό
προσωπ·ου
(neu) gen sg
face
Lit:"toward-eyes", hence face/countenance/appearance
ἡμῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (1st Person)

ἐγώ, ἐμοῦ (μου), ἐμοί (μοι), ἐμέ (με), pl. ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν, ἡμῖν, ἡμᾶς
ημων
gen pl
us
χριστὸς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.)

Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ, voc. Χριστέ
χριστ·ος
(mas) nom sg
Christ
lit. 'anointed'
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
συνελήμφθη [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

συλ·λαμβάνω (συν+λαμβαν-, συν+λημψ-/συν+ληψ-, 2nd συν+λαβ-, συν+ειληφ·[κ]-, συν+ειληβ-, συν+λημφ·θ-/συν+ληφ·θ-)
συν·ε·λημβ·θη
aor θη ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-SEIZING-ed
lasso, catch, conceive, nab, apprehend, arrest, capture
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
ταῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·αις
fem dat pl
the
διαφθοραῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

δια·φθορά, -ᾶς, ἡ
διαφθορ·αις
(fem) dat pl
decaies
destruction, ruin or corruption, seduction
αὐτῶν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ων
fem gen pl or mas gen pl or neu gen pl
them/same
οὗ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle; Pronoun (Relative)

οὗ[1]; ὅς ἥ ὅ
ου; ου
indecl; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
where; who/whom/which
ἕως οὗ means "until where (in time)", that is, "until when", "until such time as", or "until the point that";
εἴπαμεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

λέγω (λεγ-, ερ(ε)·[σ]-, ειπ·[σ]-/λεξ- or 2nd ειπ-, ειρη·κ-, ειρη-, ρη·θ-/ρε·θ-/λεχ·θ-)
ε·ειπ·[σ]αμεν
1aor act ind 1st pl
we-SAY/TELL-ed
speak, tell, recount
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τῇ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ῃ
fem dat sg
the
σκιᾷ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

σκιά, -ᾶς, ἡ
σκι·ᾳ
(fem) dat sg
shadow
shade, shadow, outline, canopy, reflection
αὐτοῦ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (3rd Person)

αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό
αυτ·ου
mas gen sg or neu gen sg
him/it/same
;
ζησόμεθα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ζάω (ζ(η)-/ath. ζ(η)-, ζη·σ-, ζη·σ-, -, -, -)
ζη·σομεθα
fut mp ind 1st pl
we-will-be-LIVE-ed
Verb from "ζωή"(life), hence live/made-alive, exist, inhabit
ἐν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐν
εν
indecl
in/with/by
(+dat) - εν to see with; prep. at, in; adv. wherein, by; σε pron. thee and prep. in, into, among
τοῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·οις
neu dat pl or mas dat pl
the
ἔθνεσιν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 3rd Decl.)

ἔθνο·ς, -ους, τό, voc. pl. ἔθνη
εθν(ε)·σι(ν)
(neu) dat pl
nations
Lit: from etho (vb: to form a custom/culture). Hence, a race/people, joined by shared language, customs, history, and culture. Usually applied to Gentiles (except Jn 11:50).
Lam 4:20
Res. Spiritus oris nostri, christus Dominus,
captus est in peccatis nostris,
cui diximus : In umbra tua
vivemus in gentibus.
21χαῖρε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

χαίρω (χαιρ-, χαρ(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, χαρ·[θ]-)
χαιρ·ε
pres act imp 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-REJOICE-ing!
salute, salutation
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
εὐφραίνου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

εὐ·φραίνω (ευφραιν-, ευφραν(ε)·[σ]-, ευφραν·[σ]-, -, -, ευφραν·θ-)
ευφραιν·ου, ε·ευφραιν·ου
pres mp imp 2nd sg, impf mp ind 2nd sg
be-you(sg)-being-CELEBRATE/REJOICE-ed!, you(sg)-were-being-CELEBRATE/REJOICE-ed
, be/make-glad/joyous, make-merry
θύγατερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ
(fem) voc sg
daughter
Ιδουμαίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

Ἰδουμαία, -ας, ἡ
ιδουμαι·ας
(fem) gen sg
Idumea
[district of]
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
κατοικοῦσα [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

κατ·οικέω (κατ+οικ(ε)-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+οικη·σ-, κατ+ῳκη·κ-, -, κατ+οικη·θ-)
κατ·οικ(ε)·ουσ·α
pres act ptcp fem nom|voc sg
while RESIDE/SETTLE-DOWN-ing
Lit:"down-dwell", hence reside/dwell-permanently, settle-down-thoroughly/pervasively and in full control, to be exactly at home (see Eph 3:17, Col 1:19, 2:9). Contrast with "παροικέω" (dwell-beside))
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
γῆς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

γῆ, -ῆς, ἡ, voc. sg. γῆ
γ·ης
(fem) gen sg
earth/land
καί [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
γε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

γέ
γε
indecl
indeed
An emphatic particle meaning at least, indeed. It emphasizes the word to which it is associated.
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
σὲ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
διελεύσεται [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

δι·έρχομαι (δι+ερχ-, δι+ελευ·σ-, διελθ·[σ]- or 2nd δι+ελθ-, δι+εληλυθ·[κ]-, -, -)
δι·ελευ·σεται
fut mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-will-be-PASS-THROUGH-ed
Lit:"come-through",hence go/pass-through
τὸ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·ο
neu nom|acc sg
the
ποτήριον [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Neu. 2nd Decl.)

ποτήριον, -ου, τό
ποτηρι·ον
(neu) nom|acc|voc sg
cup
κυρίου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Mas. 2nd Decl.); Adjective (2-1-2)

κύριος[2], -ου, ὁ, voc. pl. κύριοι; κύριος[1] -α -ον [LXX]
κυρι·ου; κυρι·ου
(mas) gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
lord; authoritative
, "ὁ Κύριος" = Hebr. YHVH (Yahweh, Yehovah).;
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
μεθυσθήσῃ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

μεθύσκω (μεθυσκ-, μεθυ·σ-, μεθυ·σ-, -, μεμεθυσ-, μεθυσ·θ-)
μεθυσ·θησῃ
fut θη ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-will-be-GET-ed-DRUNK
καὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Conjunction

καί
και
indecl
and
also, even, namely
ἀποχεεῖς [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·χέω/-χύννω [LXX] (απο+χε-/απο+χυνν-, απο+χε(ε)·[σ]-, -, -, -, -)
απο·χε·εις, απο·χε(ε)·[σ]εις
pres act ind 2nd sg, fut act ind 2nd sg
you(sg)-are-POUR-ing-OUT, you(sg)-will-POUR-OUT
Lam 4:21
Sin. Gaude et lætare, filia Edom,
quæ habitas in terra Hus !
ad te quoque perveniet calix : inebriaberis,
atque nudaberis.
22ἐξέλιπεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐκ·λείπω (εκ+λειπ-, εκ+λειψ-, 2nd εκ+λιπ-, εκ+λελοιπ·[κ]-, εκ+λελειπ-, -)
εκ·ε·λιπ·ε(ν)
2aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-FAIL-ed
Lit:"leave-behind-from-out-of", hence fail/come-to-an-end, be wanting, desert, abandon, quit, left out)
[lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
[τ]·η
fem nom sg
the
ἀνομία [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·νομία, -ας, ἡ
ανομι·α
(fem) nom|voc sg
lawlessness
Lit:"without-law"
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
θύγατερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ
(fem) voc sg
daughter
Σιων [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. Indecl.)

Σιών, ἡ
σιων
(fem) indecl
Zion
οὐ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Particle

οὐ[2]/οὐκ/οὐχ
ου
indecl
not
Often written "οὐκ" before smooth breathing, "οὐχ" before rough breathing, "οὐ" before consonants.
προσθήσει [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

προσ·τίθημι (ath. προσ+τιθ(ε)-, προσ+θη·σ-, προσ+θη·κ- or 2nd ath. προσ+θ(ε)-, προσ+τεθει·κ-, προσ+τεθει-, προσ+τε·θ-)
προσ·θη·σει
fut act ind 3rd sg or fut mp ind 2nd sg classical
he/she/it-will-ADD, you(sg)-will-be-ADD-ed
Lit:"place/set-toward", hence add/proceed-onward
ἔτι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Adverb

ἔτι
ετι
indecl
yet/still
ἀποικίσαι [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπ·οικίζω [LXX] (-, απ+οικι(ε)·[σ]-, απ+οικι·σ-, -, απ+ῳκισ-, απ+οικισ·θ-)
απ·οικι·σαι
1aor act inf or 1aor mp imp 2nd sg or 1aor act opt 3rd sg
to-DEPORT, be-you(sg)-DEPORT-ed!, he/she/it-happens-to-DEPORT
banish, colonize
σε [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σε; σ·ε
acc sg; mas voc sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
ἐπεσκέψατο [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἐπι·σκέπτομαι (επι+σκεπτ-, επι+σκεψ-, επι+σκεψ-, -, επ+εσκεπτ-, επι+σκεφ·θ-/επι+σκεπ·[θ]-)
επι·ε·σκεπτ·σατο
1aor mp ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-was-CHECK-ed-UP-ON
[look in on] to pass in review, to visit, to examine, to inspect, be concerned about
ἀνομίας [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 1st Decl.)

ἀ·νομία, -ας, ἡ
ανομι·ας
(fem) gen sg or (fem) acc pl
lawlessness, lawless deeds
Lit:"without-law"
σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
θύγατερ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Noun (Fem. 3rd Decl.)

θυγάτηρ, -τ[ε]ρός, ἡ, voc. sg. θύγατερ and θυγάτηρ
θυγατερ
(fem) voc sg
daughter
Εδωμ ἀπεκάλυψεν [lexicon][inflect][close]
Verb

ἀπο·καλύπτω (απο+καλυπτ-, απο+καλυψ-, απο+καλυψ-, -, απο+κεκαλυπτ-, απο+καλυφ·θ-)
απο·ε·καλυπτ·σε(ν)
1aor act ind 3rd sg
he/she/it-UNCOVER/REVEAL-ed
ἐπὶ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Preposition

ἐπί
επι
indecl
upon/over (+acc,+gen,+dat)
ἐπ’ before smooth breathing, ἐφ’ before rough breathing
τὰ [lexicon][inflect][close]
Article (Definite)

ὁ ἡ τό
τ·α
neu nom|acc pl
the
ἀσεβήματά σου [lexicon][inflect][close]
Pronoun (2nd Person); Determiner (Possessive)

σύ, σοῦ (σου), σοί (σοι), σέ (σε), pl. ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν, ὑμῖν, ὑμᾶς; σός -ή -όν
σου; σ·ου
gen sg; neu gen sg or mas gen sg
you(sg); your/yours(sg)
;
Lam 4:22
Thau. Completa est iniquitas tua, filia Sion :
non addet ultra ut transmigret te.
Visitavit iniquitatem tuam, filia Edom ;
discooperuit peccata tua.
« Ch 3» Ch 5

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The Kata Biblon Wiki English Translation (WET) and Wiki Latin Translation are publicly editable translations of of the Greek New Testament, Greek Septuagint, and Hebrew Bible.

www.katabiblon.com

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