Μακκαβαίων Βʹ 2 Maccabees
CATSS LXX Wiki Latin Translation LXX / Vulgata Clementina Westminster Leningrad Codex Wiki Latin Translation HB / Vulgata Clementina 1 2Mc 11:1 1 μετ’ ὀλίγον δὲ παντελῶς χρονίσκον Λυσίας ἐπίτροπος τοῦ βασιλέως καὶ συγγενὴς καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν πραγμάτων λίαν βαρέως φέρων ἐπὶ τοῖς γεγονόσι 2Mc 11:1
¶Now after a very little time, Lysias, the king’s guardian, kinsman, and chancellor, being very displeased about the things that had happened,
- - - 2 2Mc 11:2 2 συναθροίσας περὶ τὰς ὀκτὼ μυριάδας καὶ τὴν ἵππον ἅπασαν παρεγίνετο ἐπὶ τοὺς Ιουδαίους λογιζόμενος τὴν μὲν πόλιν Ἕλλησιν οἰκητήριον ποιήσειν 2Mc 11:2
collected about eighty thousand infantry and all his cavalry and came against the Jews, planing to make the city a home for Greeks,
- - - 3 2Mc 11:3 3 τὸ δὲ ἱερὸν ἀργυρολόγητον καθὼς τὰ λοιπὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν τεμένη πρατὴν δὲ κατὰ ἔτος τὴν ἀρχιερωσύνην ποιήσειν 2Mc 11:3
and to levy tribute on the temple, as
on the other sacred places of the nations, and to put up the high priesthood for sale every year.
- - - 4 2Mc 11:4 4 οὐδαμῶς ἐπιλογιζόμενος τὸ τοῦ θεοῦ κράτος πεφρενωμένος δὲ ταῖς μυριάσιν τῶν πεζῶν καὶ ταῖς χιλιάσιν τῶν ἱππέων καὶ τοῖς ἐλέφασιν τοῖς ὀγδοήκοντα 2Mc 11:4
He took no account of God’s power, but was puffed up with his ten thousands of infantry, his thousands of cavalry, and his eighty elephants.
- - - 5 2Mc 11:5 5 εἰσελθὼν δὲ εἰς τὴν Ιουδαίαν καὶ συνεγγίσας Βαιθσουρα ὄντι μὲν ἐρυμνῷ χωρίῳ Ιεροσολύμων δὲ ἀπέχοντι ὡσεὶ σταδίους πέντε τοῦτο ἔθλιβεν 2Mc 11:5
Coming into Judea and approaching Bethsuron, which was a strong place and about five stadia
away from Jerusalem, he pressed it hard.
- - - 6 2Mc 11:6 6 ὡς δὲ μετέλαβον οἱ περὶ τὸν Μακκαβαῖον πολιορκοῦντα αὐτὸν τὰ ὀχυρώματα μετὰ ὀδυρμῶν καὶ δακρύων ἱκέτευον σὺν τοῖς ὄχλοις τὸν κύριον ἀγαθὸν ἄγγελον ἀποστεῖλαι πρὸς σωτηρίαν τῷ Ισραηλ 2Mc 11:6
¶When Maccabaeus and his men learned that he was besieging the strongholds, they and all the people with lamentations and tears made supplication to the Lord to send a good angel to save Israel.
- - - 7 2Mc 11:7 7 αὐτὸς δὲ πρῶτος ὁ Μακκαβαῖος ἀναλαβὼν τὰ ὅπλα προετρέψατο τοὺς ἄλλους ἅμα αὐτῷ διακινδυνεύοντας ἐπιβοηθεῖν τοῖς ἀδελφοῖς αὐτῶν ὁμοῦ δὲ καὶ προθύμως ἐξώρμησαν 2Mc 11:7
Maccabaeus himself took up weapons first, and exhorted the others to put themselves in jeopardy together with him and help their kindred; and they went out with him very willingly.
- - - 8 2Mc 11:8 8 αὐτόθι δὲ πρὸς τοῖς Ιεροσολύμοις ὄντων ἐφάνη προηγούμενος αὐτῶν ἔφιππος ἐν λευκῇ ἐσθῆτι πανοπλίαν χρυσῆν κραδαίνων 2Mc 11:8
As they were there, close to Jerusalem, a horseman appeared at their head in white apparel, brandishing
weapons of gold.
- - - 9 2Mc 11:9 9 ὁμοῦ δὲ πάντες εὐλόγησαν τὸν ἐλεήμονα θεὸν καὶ ἐπερρώσθησαν ταῖς ψυχαῖς οὐ μόνον ἀνθρώπους θῆρας δὲ τοὺς ἀγριωτάτους καὶ σιδηρᾶ τείχη τιτρώσκειν ὄντες ἕτοιμοι 2Mc 11:9
They all together praised the merciful God, and were yet more strengthened in heart, being ready to
assail not only men but the wildest animals and walls of iron,
- - - 10 2Mc 11:10 10 προῆγον ἐν διασκευῇ τὸν ἀπ’ οὐρανοῦ σύμμαχον ἔχοντες ἐλεήσαντος αὐτοὺς τοῦ κυρίου 2Mc 11:10
they advanced in array, having him who is in heaven to fight on their side, for the Lord had mercy on them.
- - - 11 2Mc 11:11 11 λεοντηδὸν δὲ ἐντινάξαντες εἰς τοὺς πολεμίους κατέστρωσαν αὐτῶν χιλίους πρὸς τοῖς μυρίοις ἱππεῖς δὲ ἑξακοσίους πρὸς τοῖς χιλίοις τοὺς δὲ πάντας ἠνάγκασαν φεύγειν 2Mc 11:11
Hurling themselves like lions against the enemy, they killed eleven thousand infantry and one thousand six hundred cavalry, and forced all the rest to flee.
- - - 12 2Mc 11:12 12 οἱ πλείονες δὲ αὐτῶν τραυματίαι γυμνοὶ διεσώθησαν καὶ αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ Λυσίας αἰσχρῶς φεύγων διεσώθη 2Mc 11:12
Most of them escaped wounded and naked. Lysias himself also escaped by shameful flight.
- - - 13 2Mc 11:13 13 οὐκ ἄνους δὲ ὑπάρχων πρὸς ἑαυτὸν ἀντιβάλλων τὸ γεγονὸς περὶ αὐτὸν ἐλάττωμα καὶ συννοήσας ἀνικήτους εἶναι τοὺς Εβραίους τοῦ δυναμένου θεοῦ συμμαχοῦντος αὐτοῖς 2Mc 11:13
But as he was a man not void of understanding, pondering the defeat which had befallen him, and considering that the Hebrews could not be overcome because the Almighty God fought on their side, he sent again
- - - 14 2Mc 11:14 14 προσαποστείλας ἔπεισεν συλλύεσθαι ἐπὶ πᾶσι τοῖς δικαίοις καὶ διότι καὶ τὸν βασιλέα πείσει φίλον αὐτοῖς ἀναγκάζων γενέσθαι 2Mc 11:14
and persuaded them to come to terms on condition that all their rights were acknowledged, and
promised that he would also persuade the king to become their friend.
- - - 15 2Mc 11:15 15 ἐπένευσεν δὲ ὁ Μακκαβαῖος ἐπὶ πᾶσιν οἷς ὁ Λυσίας παρεκάλει τοῦ συμφέροντος φροντίζων ὅσα γὰρ ὁ Μακκαβαῖος ἐπέδωκεν τῷ Λυσίᾳ διὰ γραπτῶν περὶ τῶν Ιουδαίων συνεχώρησεν ὁ βασιλεύς 2Mc 11:15
Maccabaeus gave consent upon all the conditions which Lysias proposed to him, being careful of the common good; for whatever requests Maccabaeus delivered in writing to Lysias concerning the Jews the king allowed.
- - - 16 2Mc 11:16 16 ἦσαν γὰρ αἱ γεγραμμέναι τοῖς Ιουδαίοις ἐπιστολαὶ παρὰ μὲν Λυσίου περιέχουσαι τὸν τρόπον τοῦτον Λυσίας τῷ πλήθει τῶν Ιουδαίων χαίρειν 2Mc 11:16
¶The letter written to the Jews from Lysias was to this effect: ¶“Lysias to the
people of the Jews, greetings.
- - - 17 2Mc 11:17 17 Ιωαννης καὶ Αβεσσαλωμ οἱ πεμφθέντες παρ’ ὑμῶν ἐπιδόντες τὸν ὑπογεγραμμένον χρηματισμὸν ἠξίουν περὶ τῶν δι’ αὐτοῦ σημαινομένων 2Mc 11:17
John and Absalom, who were sent from you, having delivered the document written below, made request concerning the things written therein.
- - - 18 2Mc 11:18 18 ὅσα μὲν οὖν ἔδει καὶ τῷ βασιλεῖ προσενεχθῆναι διεσάφησα ἃ δὲ ἦν ἐνδεχόμενα συνεχώρησεν 2Mc 11:18
Whatever things therefore needed to be brought before the king I declared to him, and what things were possible he allowed.
- - - 19 2Mc 11:19 19 ἐὰν μὲν οὖν συντηρήσητε τὴν εἰς τὰ πράγματα εὔνοιαν καὶ εἰς τὸ λοιπὸν πειράσομαι παραίτιος ἀγαθῶν γενέσθαι 2Mc 11:19
If then you will all preserve your good will toward the government, I will also endeavor in the future to contribute to your good.
- - - 20 2Mc 11:20 20 ὑπὲρ δὲ τούτων καὶ τῶν κατὰ μέρος ἐντέταλμαι τούτοις τε καὶ τοῖς παρ’ ἐμοῦ διαλεχθῆναι ὑμῖν 2Mc 11:20
Concerning this, I have given order in detail, both to these men and to those who are sent from me, to confer with you.
- - - 21 2Mc 11:21 21 ἔρρωσθε ἔτους ἑκατοστοῦ τεσσαρακοστοῦ ὀγδόου Διὸς Κορινθίου τετράδι καὶ εἰκάδι 2Mc 11:21
Farewell. Written in the one hundred forty-eighth year, on the twenty-fourth day of the month
- - - 22 2Mc 11:22 22 ἡ δὲ τοῦ βασιλέως ἐπιστολὴ περιεῖχεν οὕτως βασιλεὺς Ἀντίοχος τῷ ἀδελφῷ Λυσίᾳ χαίρειν 2Mc 11:22
¶And the king’s letter contained these words: ¶“King Antiochus to his brother Lysias, greetings.
- - - 23 2Mc 11:23 23 τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν εἰς θεοὺς μεταστάντος βουλόμενοι τοὺς ἐκ τῆς βασιλείας ἀταράχους ὄντας γενέσθαι πρὸς τὴν τῶν ἰδίων ἐπιμέλειαν 2Mc 11:23
Seeing that our father passed to the gods having the wish that the subjects of his kingdom
should be undisturbed and give themselves to the care of their own affairs,
- - - 24 2Mc 11:24 24 ἀκηκοότες τοὺς Ιουδαίους μὴ συνευδοκοῦντας τῇ τοῦ πατρὸς ἐπὶ τὰ Ἑλληνικὰ μεταθέσει ἀλλὰ τὴν ἑαυτῶν ἀγωγὴν αἱρετίζοντας ἀξιοῦντας συγχωρηθῆναι αὐτοῖς τὰ νόμιμα 2Mc 11:24
we, having heard that the Jews do not consent to our father’s purpose to turn them to the customs of the Greeks, but choose rather their own way of living, and make request that the customs of their law be allowed to them— having heard (that) the Jews, not concuring with the father's
[[a]] to the Greek (ways), but adhering to their
own way, presuming (their own) norms (ought) to be accomodated to them
- - - 25 2Mc 11:25 25 αἱρούμενοι οὖν καὶ τοῦτο τὸ ἔθνος ἐκτὸς ταραχῆς εἶναι κρίνομεν τό τε ἱερὸν ἀποκατασταθῆναι αὐτοῖς καὶ πολιτεύεσθαι κατὰ τὰ ἐπὶ τῶν προγόνων αὐτῶν ἔθη 2Mc 11:25
choosing therefore that this nation also should be free from disturbance, we determine that their temple is to be restored to them, and that they live according to the customs that were in the days of their ancestors.
- - - 26 2Mc 11:26 26 εὖ οὖν ποιήσεις διαπεμψάμενος πρὸς αὐτοὺς καὶ δοὺς δεξιάς ὅπως εἰδότες τὴν ἡμετέραν προαίρεσιν εὔθυμοί τε ὦσιν καὶ ἡδέως διαγίνωνται πρὸς τῇ τῶν ἰδίων ἀντιλήμψει 2Mc 11:26
You will therefore do well to send messengers to them and give them the right hand of friendship, that they, knowing our mind, may be of good heart, and gladly occupy themselves with the conduct of their own affairs.”
- - - 27 2Mc 11:27 27 πρὸς δὲ τὸ ἔθνος ἡ τοῦ βασιλέως ἐπιστολὴ τοιάδε ἦν βασιλεὺς Ἀντίοχος τῇ γερουσίᾳ τῶν Ιουδαίων καὶ τοῖς ἄλλοις Ιουδαίοις χαίρειν 2Mc 11:27
¶And to the nation, the king’s letter was as follows: ¶“King Antiochus to the senate of the Jews and to the other Jews, greetings.
- - - 28 2Mc 11:28 28 εἰ ἔρρωσθε εἴη ἂν ὡς βουλόμεθα καὶ αὐτοὶ δὲ ὑγιαίνομεν 2Mc 11:28
If you are all well, it is as we desire. We ourselves also are in good health.
- - - 29 2Mc 11:29 29 ἐνεφάνισεν ἡμῖν Μενέλαος βούλεσθαι κατελθόντας ὑμᾶς γίνεσθαι πρὸς τοῖς ἰδίοις 2Mc 11:29
Menelaus informed us that your desire was to return home and follow your own business.
- - - 30 2Mc 11:30 30 τοῖς οὖν καταπορευομένοις μέχρι τριακάδος Ξανθικοῦ ὑπάρξει δεξιὰ μετὰ τῆς ἀδείας 2Mc 11:30
They therefore who depart home up to the thirtieth day of Xanthicus shall have our
friendship, with full permission
- - - 31 2Mc 11:31 31 χρῆσθαι τοὺς Ιουδαίους τοῖς ἑαυτῶν δαπανήμασιν καὶ νόμοις καθὰ καὶ τὸ πρότερον καὶ οὐδεὶς αὐτῶν κατ’ οὐδένα τρόπον παρενοχληθήσεται περὶ τῶν ἠγνοημένων 2Mc 11:31
that the Jews use their own foods and observe their own laws, even as formerly. None of them shall be in any way molested for the things that have been done in ignorance.
- - - 32 2Mc 11:32 32 πέπομφα δὲ καὶ τὸν Μενέλαον παρακαλέσοντα ὑμᾶς 2Mc 11:32
Moreover I have sent Menelaus also, that he may encourage you.
- - - 33 2Mc 11:33 33 ἔρρωσθε ἔτους ἑκατοστοῦ τεσσαρακοστοῦ ὀγδόου Ξανθικοῦ πεντεκαιδεκάτῃ 2Mc 11:33
Farewell. Written in the one hundred forty-eighth year, on the fifteenth day of Xanthicus.”
- - - 34 2Mc 11:34 34 ἔπεμψαν δὲ καὶ οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι πρὸς αὐτοὺς ἐπιστολὴν ἔχουσαν οὕτως Κόιντος Μέμμιος Τίτος Μάνιος πρεσβῦται Ῥωμαίων τῷ δήμῳ τῶν Ιουδαίων χαίρειν 2Mc 11:34
¶The Romans also sent to them a letter in these words: ¶“Quintus Memmius and Titus Manius, ambassadors of the Romans, to the people of the Jews, greetings.
- - - 35 2Mc 11:35 35 ὑπὲρ ὧν Λυσίας ὁ συγγενὴς τοῦ βασιλέως συνεχώρησεν ὑμῖν καὶ ἡμεῖς συνευδοκοῦμεν 2Mc 11:35
In regard to the things which Lysias the king’s kinsman granted you, we also give consent.
- - - 36 2Mc 11:36 36 ἃ δὲ ἔκρινεν προσανενεχθῆναι τῷ βασιλεῖ πέμψατέ τινα παραχρῆμα ἐπισκεψάμενοι περὶ τούτων ἵνα ἐκθῶμεν ὡς καθήκει ὑμῖν ἡμεῖς γὰρ προσάγομεν πρὸς Ἀντιόχειαν 2Mc 11:36
But as for the things which he judged should be referred to the king, send someone promptly, after you have considered them, that we may publish such decrees as are appropriate for your case; for we are on our way to Antioch.
- - - 37 2Mc 11:37 37 διὸ σπεύσατε καὶ πέμψατέ τινας ὅπως καὶ ἡμεῖς ἐπιγνῶμεν ὁποίας ἐστὲ γνώμης 2Mc 11:37
Therefore send someone with speed, that we also may learn what is your mind.
- - - 38 2Mc 11:38 38 ὑγιαίνετε ἔτους ἑκατοστοῦ τεσσαρακοστοῦ ὀγδόου Ξανθικοῦ πεντεκαιδεκάτῃ 2Mc 11:38 *
Farewell. Written in the one hundred forty-eighth year, on the fifteenth day of Xanthicus.
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